Pulmonary hypertension within individuals suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.


  • Zeeshan Ashraf Jinnah Hospital, Lahore.
  • Muhammad Ashraf Jinnah Hospital, Lahore.




Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Echocardiography, Ischemic Heart Disease, Pulmonary Hypertension


Objective: To establish the frequency in regards to pulmonary hypertension within individuals suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Pulmonology Division of Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Period: January, 2023 to April, 2023. Material & Methods: A total of 200 patients of both male and female patients with age from 40 to 70 years having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were included by nonprobability consecutive sampling. Patients with history of other respiratory disease like interstitial lung disease, bronchiectasis, allergic broncho-pulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), sarcoidosis, occupational lung diseases, asthma, ischemic heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, collagen vascular disease were factored out of the study. Cardiac echocardiography was performed in all the patients and pulmonary hypertension as assessed. Results: In this study, 87 (43.5%) were between 40-55 years of age while 113 (56.5%) were within the ages of 56-70, and thus the mean age was 57.28±8.44 years. 131 (65.5%) patients were male and 69 (34.5%) were females. 49 (24.5%), 103 (51.5%) and 48 (24%) patients had mild, moderate and severe COPD respectively. Pulmonary hypertension was found in 105 (52.5%) patients. Pulmonary hypertension is more prevalent in severe cases of COPD than mild and moderate patients with p-value = 0.0001. Conclusion: Patients with chronic obstructive lung disease have a high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension. This is shown to be more common within patients suffering from severe cases of COPD.

Author Biographies

Zeeshan Ashraf, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore.

MBBS, Post Graduate FCPS Resident Pulmonology, 

Muhammad Ashraf, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore.

FCPS (Medicine), MCPS (Pulmonology), FCPS (Pulmonology), HOD Pulmonology,