Anemia and its associated factors in children aged 2-5 years in slum area of Multan.


  • Uzma Arshad MMDC, Multan.
  • Bushra Ijaz NMU, Multan.
  • Kamran Adil CHICH, Multan.



Anemia, Associated Factors, Children, Slum Area


Objective: To determine the prevalence of anemia among children aged 2-5 years in slum area of Multan and also to detect the associated factors of this condition. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Slum Area (Jahangirabad) of Multan. Period: February 2023 to March 2023. Material & Methods: A total of 369 children of 2-5 years of age, not suffering from psycho-motor retardation, hormonal disorders, chronic debilitating diseases, congenital heart diseases, or acute severe illnesses were included in study using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Information was taken by using a pretested questionnaire. Results: The mean age was 3.5 and SD ±2.2. The prevalence of anemia was 55.83% (n=369). About 51.46% of anemic children had mild anemia. There was no gender variation in occurrence of anemia (p = 0.52). There was significant association between mother’s education, occupation and anemia respectively (p = 0.01, 0.00). Conclusion: Anemia is a growing health issue in our new generation and government and health professional should manage this issue.

Author Biographies

Uzma Arshad, MMDC, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS (Community Medicine), Assistant Professor, 

Bushra Ijaz, NMU, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS (Community Medicine), Assistant Professor, 

Kamran Adil, CHICH, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS (Pediatrics), Senior Registrar,