Frequency of dyslipidemia in patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension in tertiary care center.


  • Shahzad Alam Khan Nishtar Medical University, Multan.
  • Nasir Jamal Khan Nishtar Medical University, Multan.
  • Talha Rasheeq Bakhtawar Amin Medical College / Hospital, Multan.
  • Faisal Ramzan CPEIC, Multan.



Blood Pressure, Dyslipidemia, Essential Hypertension


Objective: To determine the frequency of dyslipidemia in adults with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Medical Unit IV, Nishtar Hospital Multan. Period: 25th June, 2022 to 25th Dec, 2022. Material & Methods: Fasting blood samples were taken from an antecubital vein and collected in Vacutainer tubes that had an anticoagulant EDTA from an antecubital vein. An auto analyzer was used to perform an enzymatic analysis on fasting plasma total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglycerides (TG). Results: Among 332 study cases, 221 (66.6 %) were male patients while 111 (33.4 %) were female patients. Mean age of study cases was 50.01 ± 6.75 years. In our analysis, diabetes was found in 99 patients (29.8%). In 147 (44.3%) of the study cases, there was a family history of hypertension. Mean body mass index of our study cases was 27.56 ± 1.92 kg/m2 and 136 (41.0 %) of our study cases were obese. Mean systolic blood pressure was 157.85±15.19 mmHg while that of diastolic blood pressure was 109.35 ± 8.56 mmHg. Mean fasting cholesterol level was 192.86±35.96 mg/dl, HDL 42.58±4.38 mg/dl, LDL 125.43± 10.39 mg/dl and mean triglyceride level was 135.86 ± 13.69 mg/dl and in 181 patients (54.5%) were having dyslipidemias. Conclusion: Among patients with essential hypertension in our investigation, dyslipidemia was observed to be very common. Smoking, diabetes, residential status, and male gender were all strongly linked to dyslipidemia. To prevent future unfavorable cardiac events, which will safeguard patients from acquiring cardiovascular diseases and enhance their quality of life, all clinicians caring for such patients should routinely check their lipid profiles.

Author Biographies

Shahzad Alam Khan, Nishtar Medical University, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS, Assistant Professor Medicine, 

Nasir Jamal Khan, Nishtar Medical University, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS, Associate Professor Medicine, 

Talha Rasheeq, Bakhtawar Amin Medical College / Hospital, Multan.

MBBS, FCPS, Associate Professor, 

Faisal Ramzan, CPEIC, Multan.

MBBS, Post-graduate Resident,