Role of laparoscopic surgery in gynecology.


  • Rubina Akhtar MTI Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayatabad, Peshawar.
  • Rukhsana Karim Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.
  • Zoopah Inayat MTI Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayatabad, Peshawar.



Complications, Gynaecology, Laparoscopy


Objective: Technological advancements extend the range of indications for gynecological laparoscopy. We are presenting the outcome of our experiences with gynaecological laparoscopies and assessed rate, indications, complications and its benefits in a teaching hospital. Study Design: Retrospective Observational study. Setting: MTI Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar. Period: January 2021 to December 2021. Material & Methods: we performed laparoscopic procedure for a total of 222 patients and all were included in the study. Laparoscopic surgeries were performed under general anesthesia. Successful creation of the pneumoperitoneum was done with the help of Veress needle, mostly by closed access technique and occasionally with the open method. Secondary ports were introduced under direct vision. After completing the surgery laparoscope and secondary ports were removed under direct vision to minimize any iatrogenic insult. Results: During the study period, 908 major gynaecological operations including 222 laparoscopies were performed. This gave the rate of 24.45% laparoscopies per 100 operations. Diagnostic laparoscopies were performed in 195 (87.84%) cases and operative were in 27 (12.16%) cases. Complications were only in 5 of the cases, two being of major nature. A ureteric ligation occurred during laparoscopic hysterectomy resulting in conversion of laparoscopic surgeries into open surgery and another was during cystectomy due to excessive bleeding. Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery propounds unique benefits including definite diagnosis, mobilization and speedy recovery, minimal complications, less cost and shorter hospital stay. In young patients, laparoscopy helps in preserving their fertility with better prognosis in contrast to open surgery.

Author Biographies

Rubina Akhtar, MTI Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayatabad, Peshawar.

FCPS, Associate Professor Obstetrics & Gynecology, 

Rukhsana Karim, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.

FCPS, Assistant Professor Obstetrics and Gynecology, 

Zoopah Inayat, MTI Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayatabad, Peshawar.

FCPS, Senior Registrar Obstetrics & Gynecology,