Role of angiography procedure for assessment the type of patent ductus arteriosus in children under 18 years.


  • Shanzay Saeed FMH College of Medicine and Dentistry, Children’s Hospital Lahore.
  • Sheikh Danial Hanan Sheikh FMHCMD, Lahore.
  • Rimsha Badar FMHCMD, Lahore.
  • Humaira Rauf AHS.
  • Syed Zain-ul-Abidin Children’s Hospital.



Ampulla Size, Angiography, Congenital Heart Disease, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, PDA Size


Objective: To determine the role of angiography for the assessment the type of patent ductus arteriosus in children under 18 years. Study Design: Observational Retrospective study. Setting: Children’s Hospital Lahore. Period: October 2021 to February 2022. Material & Methods: The sample size calculated was 245 but, at the end of the period of four months only 120 patients fulfilled the criteria and were included in this study convenient sampling technique was used to collect the data. Patients with patent ductus arteriosus were included in this study. Patients with other congenital heart diseases were excluded. Essential measurements included Types of Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), (PDA) Size, Ampulla Size, Aortic and Pulmonary systolic and diastolic pressures. Results: In this study 120 patients with PDA were included. Out of 120, 38 (31.7%) patients were male and 82 (68.3%) patients were female. The age range of the patients was 8 months to 18 years (mean;5.44 ± 3.972 years). The weight range of the patients was 5.3 to 41 Kg (mean;16.05 ± 8.38Kg). The mean PDA size was 4.01 ± 1.80. The mean Ampulla size was 9.92 ± 3.13. The types of PDA detected by angiography were Type A 59(49%), Type B 15(12.5%), Type C 20(16.7%), Type D 20(16.7%), Type E 5(4%), Type F 1(0.8%). The mean Aortic systolic pressure was 105.5±18.99 and diastolic pressure was 57.2 ±14.4. The mean Pulmonary Artery systolic pressure was 47.4 ± 23.3 and diastolic pressure was 27.7 ±14.2. Conclusion: Angiography was found more accurate for the assessment of all the anatomical types of PDA especially TYPE B, C, D and F. More precise measurements of the ampulla and PDA sizes were obtained using angiography. We may conclude that Angiography is a much better and good modality than other modalities for the assessment of the types of PDA.

Author Biographies

Shanzay Saeed, FMH College of Medicine and Dentistry, Children’s Hospital Lahore.

B.Sc (Hons) Medical Imaging Technology, 

Sheikh Danial Hanan Sheikh, FMHCMD, Lahore.

B.Sc (Hons) MIT, MS-MIT, HCPC (UK), Assistant Professor MIT/Clinical Instructor 

Rimsha Badar, FMHCMD, Lahore.

B.Sc (Hons) MIT, Certified in Obs/ Gyne Ultrasound, Demonstrator MIT, 

Humaira Rauf, AHS.

B.Sc (Hons) MIT, M.Phil MIT, Certified in Obs/Gyne USG (PAK), Assistant Professor HOD/MIT Chief Coordinator 

Syed Zain-ul-Abidin, Children’s Hospital.

B.Sc (Hons), MIT, Ms MIT, Senior Technologist