To study the effects of knee osteoarthritis on hip flexibility among elders.


  • Sadia Sheraz Shalamar School of Allied Health, Sciences, Lahore.
  • M Usman Sarwar Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.
  • Hafiz Salman Saeed Independent University Hospital, Faisalabad.
  • Manqoos-Ur-Rehman Multan Medical & Dental College, Faisalabad.
  • Imran Manzoor Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.
  • Naeem Abbas Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.



Elderly, Flexibility, Knee Osteoarthritis, Modified Thomas Test, Osteoarthritis


Objectives: To determine the effect of knee osteoarthritis on hip flexibility by using Modified Thomas Test. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Department of Physiotherapy and Orthopedic, Shalamar Hospital, Lahore. Period: 1 July 2021 to 31 December 2021. Material & Methods: This study recruited 40 participants of either sex, age between 30- 70 years. Results: The response of study was 100%. Frequency of females with osteoarthritis was 82.5  males was 17.5%. Among the patients 33 were females and 7 were males. T-Test was performed for parameters of age in years, height in inches, weights in kgs for females and males. The mean age was 51.79±9.303 years for female and 55.43±8.404 years for male. Weight in kgs for female was 76.03±9.133 and for male was 94.57±20.911. In T test the height in inches for female was 61.45±2.399 and for male was 65.57±3.735. The co-relation between hip flexibility and knee osteoarthritis was moderately significant and flexibility was reduced because of osteoarthritis. Conclusion: It was concluded that hip flexibility is reduced with osteoarthritis of knee joint and due to reduced mobility of hip joint routine daily activities of patient was hampered.

Author Biographies

Sadia Sheraz, Shalamar School of Allied Health, Sciences, Lahore.


M Usman Sarwar, Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS, Assistant Professor Orthopaedics, 

Hafiz Salman Saeed, Independent University Hospital, Faisalabad.

MBBS, FCPS (Ortho), FRCS (Glasgow), FACS (USA), Associate Professor Orthopedic, 

Manqoos-Ur-Rehman, Multan Medical & Dental College, Faisalabad.

FCPS, Associate Professor Orthopedic, 

Imran Manzoor, Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

FCPS, Assistant Professor Orthopedic, 

Naeem Abbas, Shalamar Hospital, Lahore.

BSPT, TOPT, MS, NMPT, Senior Physiotherapist,