Diagnostic accuracy of middle cerebral artery Doppler findings in intrauterine growth restriction taking biophysical profile as gold standard.


  • Sadia Ismail The University of Faisalabad.
  • Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq The University of Lahore.
  • Mehreen Fatima The University fo Lahore.
  • Ali Arslan Allied Hospital, Faisalabad.




Biophysical Profile, Doppler Ultrasound, IUGR


Objective: To find the diagnostic accuracy of middle cerebral Artery Doppler findings in Intrauterine Growth Restriction taking Biophysical Profile as Gold Standard. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of Radiology, Allied Hospital Faisalabad. Period: 11 February 2021 to 30 April 2022. Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study of 161 pregnant women was conducted at the radiology department of allied hospital Faisalabad. The Inclusion Criteria were 114 pregnant women with abnormal biophysical profile and with a history of previous IUGR fetus pregnancy. All women's ultrasounds were performed on color Doppler. Data was analyzed by using IBM-SPSS version 25. Results: In our study age ranged from 18-42 years with mean age of 27.2547 ± 6.46363 years. The RI of MCA ranged from 0.30-0.90 % in the IUGR patients with the mean value 0.5330 ± 0.16134, and the RI of MCA ranged from 0.60-0.70 % in the normal was 0.6632 ± 0.4828. Similarly the PI of MCA ranged from 1.00-2.00 % in the IUGR patients with the mean value 1.9825 ± 0.13187, and the PI of MCA ranged from 2.00-2.00 % in the normal was 2.0000 ± 0.00000. The biophysical profile scoring of MCA_PI with range from 0.5-0.6 was 8 in two patients while with range from 0.6-7.98 was 6 in 32 patients, and was 8 in 127 patients. Conclusion: In conclusion, the diagnostic accuracy of Color Doppler of umbilical and cerebral pulsatility is very excessive in diagnosing IUGR.

Author Biographies

Sadia Ismail, The University of Faisalabad.

M.Phil, Lecturer Medical Imagaing Technology, 

Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, The University of Lahore.

Ph.D (Scholar), Assistant Professor Allied Health Sciences, 

Mehreen Fatima, The University fo Lahore.

Ph.D (Scholar) Assistant Professor Allied Health Sciences, 

Ali Arslan, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad.

M.Phil (Radiology and Imaging Technologist), Radiology,