Comparison of BRACE (balance, resistance, aerobic, cognitive exercises) and proprioceptive training on balance and mobility in knee osteoarthritis.


  • Ali Raza IUH Faislabad.
  • Khadija Liaquat Ripha University Lahore.
  • Hafiz Salman Saeed IUH Faisalabd.



Berg Balance Scale, BRACE Protocol, Knee Osteoarthritis, Proprioceptive Training


Objective: The purpose of the study was to find the effect of Balance, Resistance, Aerobic, Cognitive Exercise (BRACE) and proprioceptive training on balance and mobility in knee osteoarthritis. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Setting: Independent University Hospital Faisalabad. Period: September 2020 to December 2020. Material & Methods: A sample of 18 participants were included. The participants were divided into 2 groups BRACE and proprioceptive training by lottery method. The participants got 3 training sessions per week for 8 weeks. The measurements were taken at baseline and after 8 weeks.  Statistical Package for Social Sciences(SPSS 27) was used to analyzed the data. Results: The age of participants in both groups was (55.67±2.761) years. The gender distribution of participants was female (55%) and male (45%). Within group analysis shows statistically significant relat ion on BBS and TUG from baseline to 8 weeks in both groups (p<0.05), On CTSIB frim eyes closed and foam eyes closed show significant difference in both groups (p<0.05). Between group analysis shows that no statistically significant relation in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Both groups shows comparable improvements in balance and mobility but BRACE protocol showed more improvement as compared with proprioceptive.

Author Biographies

Ali Raza, IUH Faislabad.

DPT, MSPT (NM), Physiotherapist, 

Khadija Liaquat, Ripha University Lahore.

DPT, MSPT (NM), Senior Lecturer, RCR AHS, 

Hafiz Salman Saeed, IUH Faisalabd.

MBBS, FCPS, FCPS, Associate Professor Orthopedic,