Outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of intraoperative complications in a tertiary care hospital.


  • Muhammad Sayyar THQ, Shabqadar.
  • Yousaf Jan Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.
  • Shaukat Hussain Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.




Cholelithiasis, Chronic Cholecystitis, Laparoscopic Cholecytectomy


Objectives: The main objective was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of intra-operative complications and the rate and reasons of conversion to open cholecystectomy. Study Design: Descriptive Study. Setting: Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. Period: June 2018 to May 2019. Material & Methods: After taking consent of Hospital ethical & research committee, patients admitted with clinical diagnosis of cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis, confirmed by abdominal ultrasound, undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy fulfilling inclusion criteria were selected. Results: A total of 150 were included in the study. Mean age was 39.2yrs with female to male ratio of 9.75:1. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully accomplished in 98% cases. In 2% (3 patients) converted cases the most common cause of conversion observed was dense adhesions in the calots triangle. Intra-operative complications were noted in 1.4% patients, those included bile duct injury and leakage from the gallbladder bed. However other complications such as bowel injury, blood vessel injury, and post operative hemorrhage did not occur. Overall morbidity was 1.4% with no mortality. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective procedure in our setup to the accepted standards, as evident by the national and international studies. And it can be accomplished with minimal morbidity and low rate of conversion with the increasing surgeon’s experience.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Sayyar, THQ, Shabqadar.


Senior Medical Officer Surgery

Yousaf Jan, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.

FCPS, MRCS, FRCS (General Surgery)

Assistant Professor General Surgery


Shaukat Hussain, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.


Medical Officer General Surgery