Deviated nasal septum in covid-19 patients: A case control study in DHQ Teaching Hospital, Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir Pakistan.


  • M. Kaleeem MC Mirpur AJK.
  • Sidra Aslam DHQ-TH Mirpur AJK.
  • Ejaz Ahmed DHQ-TH Mirpur AJK.
  • M. Aurang Zeb CMH Bahawalpur.
  • Faisal Bashir MC Mirpur AJK.
  • Syed Manzoor Iqbal MC Mirpur AJK.



Coronavirus, COVID-19, Case Control Study, DNS


Objective: The following study aimed to correlate the prevalence of COVID-19 and the rhino pathological conditions simultaneously in the population visiting the hospital of Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Study Design: Case Control Study. Setting: DHQ Teaching Hospital, Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Period: April to July 2020. Material & Methods: Patients visiting the DHQ teaching hospital, Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir for their COVID-19 related symptoms were included in the study. Demographic data was obtained. Prevalence of DNS was recorded for further statistical analysis of the symptoms in the population. Results: The results demonstrated that these rhino pathological conditions exists with the prevailing COVID-19 or may even aggravate the situation. Although DNS is not among the typical symptoms of the COVID-19 but it may add to the results of PCR testing following swab testing. Conclusion: Rhino pathological conditions may alter or obstruct the airway passages hence making the test for COVID-19 by swab difficult and unapproachable.

Author Biographies

M. Kaleeem, MC Mirpur AJK.

MBBS, M.Phil

Assistant Professor Pathology


Sidra Aslam, DHQ-TH Mirpur AJK.

MBBS, M.Phil

Senior Lecturer Pathology


Ejaz Ahmed, DHQ-TH Mirpur AJK.


Assistant Professor ENT


M. Aurang Zeb, CMH Bahawalpur.

MBBS, FCPS (Pathology)

Assistant Professor Pathology


Faisal Bashir, MC Mirpur AJK.


Associate Professor ENT


Syed Manzoor Iqbal, MC Mirpur AJK.

MBBS, M.Phil

Professor Pathology