Serum zinc levels in children with upper respiratory tract infection in the age 2-12years in Pakistan.


  • Firdos Jabeen Naseerullah Babar Memorial Hospital Peshawar.
  • Muhammad Fayaz Khan Burki Jinnah Medical College and Teaching Hospital Peshawar.
  • Muhammad Naeem Burki CMH Bannu.
  • Nawab Zada Khan Bannu Medical College Bannu.
  • Abdus Salam Bannu Medical College Bannu.
  • Shahnaz Dilawar Bannu Medical College Bannu.



AAS, Children, Pakistan, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI), Zinc


Objectives: The persuasive evidence shows that proper Zinc (Zn) nutrition is important for human health. Hence an attempt was made to evaluate the serum Zn levels in children suffering from high respiratory infection in children aged 2-12years in Pakistan. Study Design: Case-control study. Setting: Jinnah Medical Teaching Hospital Peshawar with the collaboration of National Physical Standard Laboratory PCSIR Islamabad. Period: March 2017 to March 2019. Material & Methods: 60 children who were suffering from upper respiratory tract infection and were admitted in the Paediatric ward of Jinnah medical teaching hospital Peshawar. 60 normal controls of the same genders with an age range 2-12 years were selected for this study. Serum zinc levels were measured with atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Results: The serum zinc level was found to be low in 80% patients. Mean ±SD of serum zinc were 58.9 ±2.70µg/dl in diseased group and 100 ±2.22µg/dl in controls respectively. In patients serum zinc level was significantly lower than that of healthy controls (P<0.001). Conclusion: We may conclude that Zinc deficiency may play a role in the pathogenesis of upper tract respiratory infection since most diseased children have low serum Zn level.

Author Biographies

Firdos Jabeen, Naseerullah Babar Memorial Hospital Peshawar.


Assistant Professor Community Medicine


Muhammad Fayaz Khan Burki, Jinnah Medical College and Teaching Hospital Peshawar.


Doctor of Paeds Medicine, Certificate in Neonatology

HOD Paediatrics

Muhammad Naeem Burki, CMH Bannu.


Medical Officer General Health


Nawab Zada Khan, Bannu Medical College Bannu.


Senior Lecturer Physiology

Abdus Salam, Bannu Medical College Bannu.


Senior Lecturer Pharmacology

Shahnaz Dilawar, Bannu Medical College Bannu.

M.Phil, Ph.D