Evaluation of common withdrawal effects; A surveillance study among drugs abusers at Rehabilitation Centers of Karachi.


  • Quratulain Leghari Ziaudding University Karachi.
  • Saira Shahnaz Ziauddin University Karachi.
  • Rabiya Munawar Dow University Karachi.
  • Somia Gul Jinnah University for Women Karachi.
  • Syed Imran Ali Ziauddin University Karachi.
  • Syed Wajid Ali Shah University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
  • Sharmeen Bawani University of Karachi.




Abuse, Drugs, Misuse, Narcotics, Rehabilitation


Objective: This study was to assess the common withdrawal effects of drugs among addicted population in rehabilitation. Study Design: Cross Sectional Survey. Setting: Different Rehabilitation Centers Located Across the City, Karachi. Period: December 2018 to June 2019. Material & Methods: 400 filled questionnaires were obtained from randomly selected subjects (addicted persons). Results: The results of the study showed, most drugs abused age group is 20-40 year i.e. 71.6%, 13-19 year 18.7%, and 9.7% for population above 40 years of age. Most abused drugs found 34.8%, 26.8%, 9.6% 6.7% for cannabis, tobacco, heroin, and morphine accordingly. n=188 (47%) of patients had adaptive response towards treatment in rehabilitation while n=60 (15%) shows negative and aggressive behaviors. n=60 (15%) patients found guilty of drugs abused while n= 180 45% found it pleasurable. Conclusions: A persistent, safe and evidence-based practices is required in management of drugs abuse among the addicted patients to avoid the risk factors.

Author Biographies

Quratulain Leghari, Ziaudding University Karachi.

  1. Pharm

Assistant Professor Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Saira Shahnaz, Ziauddin University Karachi.

Pharm D, M.Phil

Lecturer Pharmacy Practice

Rabiya Munawar, Dow University Karachi.

B.Pharm, M.Phil

Assistant Professor Pharmaceutical Sciences

Somia Gul, Jinnah University for Women Karachi.

B.Pharm, Ph.D

Associate Professor Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Syed Imran Ali, Ziauddin University Karachi.

B.Pharm, M.Phil, Ph.D

Associate Professor Pharmaceutics

Syed Wajid Ali Shah, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.


Sharmeen Bawani, University of Karachi.

B.Pharm, M.Pharm