VOL. 25 NO.01

SURGICAL SITE INFECTION;
Prophylactic antibiotics in laparoscopic cholecystectomy to reduce surgical site infection
Abstract: To compare antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing frequency of postoperative surgical site wound infection rate in low risk laparoscopic cholecystectomy with controls. Study design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Setting: Department of Surgery, Combin.....
SYED MUHAMMAD NAUMAN , YOUSAF HAROON, ASRAR AHMAD, IRUM SALEEM
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URETHEROPLASTY;
Comparison of uretheroplasty with vicryl and pds in peads.
Abstract: The objective of this study is to compare urethroplasty with vicryl and PDS. Study Design: Comparative prospective study. Setting: Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Children’s Hospital and The Institute of Child health, Lahore. Period: 6 months......
FAKHRA FAKHR
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UPPER URETERIC STONES;
Comparison of extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy with pneumatic lithotripsy in the management
Abstract: Compare the efficacy of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy with Pneumatic Lithotripsy in the management of upper ureteric stones. Settings: Department of Urology, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore. Duration of Study: From November 2008 to August .....
KHALID HUSSAIN, ATTIQUR REHMAN KHAN, MARIA TARIQ, IMRAN AMEEN, MUHAMMAD KHALID BUTT
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APPENDICECTOMY SPECIMENS;
Frequency of unusual findings in routine histopathological examination
Abstract: To determine the frequency of unusual findings in routine histopathological examination of appendicectomy specimens. Setting: Surgical Department of Govt: City Hospital, Lakki Marwat. Study Design: Descriptive study (cross sectional). Period: One .....
ABDUL WAHEED JAN, HANIFULLAH KHAN, GUL REHMAN
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PARA UMBILICAL HERNIAS;
Comparative effectiveness of mesh versus mayo’s repair
Abstract: Para-umbilical hernias are the common hernias among ventral abdominal hernias constituting about 85% of the overall abdominal wall hernias. Due to their high risk of complications, adult paraumbilical hernias needs surgical repair. Objectives: To .....
MUHAMMAD KALIM, SAEED KHAN, ASAD ALI, RAFI ULLAH, MAZHAR KHAN
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LAPAROSCOPIC HYSTERECTOMY;
Comparison of total laparoscopic hysterectomy versus total abdominal hysterectomy: an assessment of the learning curve; randomized control study.
Abstract: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed gynaecological procedure in female. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome between total laparoscopic hysterectomy and abdominal hysterectomy regarding blood loss during.....
SARDAR ALFAREED ZAFAR, JAVED IQBAL, TASNIM TAHIRA, NAUREEN JAVED, SHAGUFTA NOOR
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HIP FRACTURE;
Comparison of mean pain score between skin traction versus without skin traction in cases presenting
Abstract: To compare mean pain score between skin traction versus without skin traction in cases presenting with hip fracture. Study Design: Multi-randomized controlled study. Setting: Department of Orthopaedics, Chandka Medical College Hospital Larkana and .....
ABDUL MALIK SHAIKH, MUHAMMAD BAKHSH SHAHWANI, MOHAMMAD ISHAQ
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MIDSHAFT CLAVICLE FRACTURE;
Comparison of poly arm sling and figure of eight bandage
Abstract: Fracture of clavicle is common, occurring most commonly in males accounting for approximately 2.5%of all fracture presenting to orthopedic surgeon.1 This study has been conducted to compare the broad arm sling and figure of eight bandage in the fi.....
NUSRAT RASHEED, JAGDESH KUMAR
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TYPHOID FEVER;
To determine the outcome of combination versus mono anti-biotic therapy in typhoid fever
Abstract: Typhoid fever caused by Salmonella Typhi, is the most common gastrointestinal infectious disease affecting all over the world particularly in Asia where more than 13 millions peoples are affected. Six hundred thousand (600.0000) death occur annuall.....
ABID NAEEM, SUBTAIN-UL-HASSAN ABID, MUHAMMAD HUZAIFA ABID
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PHYSICIAN DELIMA;
Quinine dihydrochloride vs artemisinin.
Abstract: Cerebral malaria is a disease entity which we commonly come across and that it should be suspected in every patient with impairment of conscious level and high spiking fever especially with no history of trauma. Early treatment is crucial and can b.....
M RASHEED KHAN DURRANI, TAHREEM SHAFI, ZINNIA ALI, MUHAMMAD DANIAL IQBAL
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CELECOXIB;
Pathological effect on body weight, absolute and relative weight of kidney with protection by lycopene in albino rats; an experimental study
Abstract: To observe the absolute, relative weight of kidney and body weight of albino rats on celecoxib induced kidney with protection by lycopene. Study Design: Experimental study. Place and Duration of study: This study was conducted in BMSI (Anatomy dep.....
SADIA SUNDUS, NAZIA QAMAR, RAHEELA ADIL, MUHAMMAD FAISAL FAHIM
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CIRRHOSIS;
Histological changes in gastric mucosa of liver cirrhosis patients.
Abstract: To investigate the histological changes in gastric mucosa of liver cirrhosis patients. Study design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration: Department of Anatomy and Medicine, Gastroenterology unit, Isra University Hospital (June to December 2.....
AFTAB ABBASI, AFTAB ABBASI, SANA NAZ
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LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION;
Demographic characteristic and etiology of patients presented in a teaching institute
Abstract: To determine Demographic characteristic and etiology of patients presenting with lumbar disc herniation. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Neurosurgery, Naseer Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Period: September 201.....
SOHAIL AMIR, MAIMOONA QADIR
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POLIO VACCINATION;
An analysis of cultural and traditional barriers
Abstract: Polio is a viral disease causing infantile paralysis in the community. This study cultural and traditional barriers to Polio Vaccination. Pakistan in order to explore the cultural and traditional barriers in vaccination against polio. Setting: Tehs.....
AHMAD ALI, LIAQAT ALI, MUSSAWAR SHAH, NAIMATULLAH KHAN, MUHAMMAD SHAFEE, SAMEERUL KHALIQ JAN
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HEPATITIS DELTA;
Prevalence of hepatitis delta in patients with chronic hepatitis b infection
Abstract: The objective of this study is to prevalence of hepatitis delta in patients with chronic hepatitis B infection. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Period: One year starting from February 2016 to January 2017. Setting: Patients OPD and admitted to.....
HAFEEZULLAH SHAIKH, AHSAN MOBIN , IMTIAZ MANZOOR, MUHAMMAD ASHRAF EBRAHIM
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COMMON PIGMENTED SKIN LESIONS;
Pattern and distribution.
Abstract: The purpose of this study is; firstly, to study the histopathological spectrum of the pigmented skin lesions in the community, to signify that not all pigmented skin lesions are malignant melanomas; secondly, to assess the age-wise distribution of .....
AMJAD ALI KHAN, ABDUL SHAHEED ASGHAR, ISRAR AHMED AKHUND, MUHAMMAD ISHAQ
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ISCHEMIC STROKE;
Frequency and contributing factors of atrial fibrillation in patients with first ischemic stroke
Abstract: To determine the frequency and contributing factors of atrial fibrillation in patients with first ischemic stroke. Methodology: This study included 150 patients with first acute ischemic stroke. All the patients had electrocardiography to detect th.....
MUHAMMAD NAVEED ALAM, TAHIR HABIB RIZVI, MEMOONA ALAM, MUHAMMAD TAHIR
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SODIUM TUNGSTATE;
Effect of sodium tungstate on kidney of streptozotocin induced diabetic rabbit.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to reveal the effects of sodium tungstate (ST) on kidneys of diabetic rabbits. Study Design: Rabbits of 30 weeks age were taken and divided into three groups A, B and C. Each group contained 10 animals. Group A was se.....
AFRA SAMAD, MUNAWAR HUSSAIN SHAH, RANA KHALID MAHMOOD, MUHAMMAD ABUBAKRE KHALID, MUHAMMAD USAMA, MUHAMMAD SULAIMAN SAEED
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CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS;
Fractionation of methanolic extract of citrullus colocynthis for spasmogens.
Abstract: To evaluate the methanolic extract of Citrullus colocynthis and its different fractions for possible spasmogenic effects on rat’s ileum model. Study Design: An experimental study. Setting: Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Basic Medical Sci.....
MUHAMMAD SALEH FAISAL, NIAZ ALI, KASHIF ALI
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MENINGITIS;
To determine the frequency of meningitis in neonates with late onset septicemia.
Abstract: To determine the frequency of meningitis in neonates having late onset septicemia. Study Design: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediatrics, D.H.Q, Faisalabad from August, 2015 to January, 2016. Method.....
SHAHEEN ABBAS, LALA RUKH KHAN, GUL AFSHAN
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DIABETES;
Comparison of hba1c and serum glycated albumin levels as monitoring tool
Abstract: Diabetes is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally. Number of methods has been proposed for early detection and monitoring of diabetes. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is one of the indices used for long-term hyperglycemic control. .....
AMBREEN GUL, NAVEED SHARIF, ZAHOORULLAH, SAJJAD AHMED
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ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA;
Asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy at Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi.
Abstract: To record the rate of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant females. Period: November 2015 to February 2016. Settings: Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi. Material & Methods: 200 pregnant females for regular pre-natal visits during 2nd and 3rd trimes.....
ANAM ZULFIQAR, SADAF ZULFIQAR, SHAHANA RAHAT
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COLLOID CYST;
A retrospective analysis of sixty cases at a large tertiary care centre in Karachi, Pakistan.
Abstract: Colloid cyst is a rare tumour of the brain that has a good outcome upon surgical removal. Aims: We present the outcome of surgical management of colloid cyst at our setup based on the experience of last ten years. Study Design, Setting and Period: .....
ATEEQ AHMED KHAN, FAIQ ALI, MUHAMMAD IMRAN, SHERAZ AHMED GHAURI, QAZI MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN, MUHAMMAD SHERAZ RAZA, JUNAID ASHRAF
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SEA LIFE;
Effects on health of Pakistani seafarers
Abstract: To have a look on the effect of sea life by checking blood pressure and testing blood fasting sugar, total cholesterol, HDL and triglycerides of the sea farers deployed on different positions at ship. Study design: This was a cross sectional descri.....
MUHAMMAD ZAKARIA, MUHAMMAD KHALID SIDDIQUI , MERAJ RAHIM, MUHAMMAD SAEED SIDDIQUI
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HFE GENE MUTATIONS;
Frequency of Two Common HFE Gene Mutations (C282Y & H63D) in an immigrant population (British Pakistanis) in UK
Abstract: To determine the frequency of two common HFE Gene Mutations (C282Y & H63D) in an immigrant population (British Pakistanis) in UK. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: University of Lincoln UK. Duration: Duration of study was 12 months fro.....
NADIR ALI, BASHIR AHMED, HUMAIRA AKRAM, JUNAID AKHTAR, ROSS WILLIAMS, RON DIXON
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TOOTH BRUSHING TECHNIQUES;
Relative efficacy and comparison in the reduction of plaque score in 8-11 years old children
Abstract: This study is performed to ascertain the efficacy of “horizontal scrub” Fones method and “modified bass” brushing techniques. Method: A group of 150 school children of age 8-11 years were randomly selected in different schools of Gojra city. Three .....
MUHAMMAD ILYAS, SOBIA ASHRAF, HAMZA JAMIL
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RESTORATIVE DENTAL MATERIALS;
A comparative evaluation of surface microhardness of three restorative materials when exposed to acidic beverages
Abstract: Erosion is an escalating problem in all age groups. Dental erosion can be defined as painless irreversible loss of dental hard tissue due to chemical process without the involvement of microorganisms. There are several causes of erosion including .....
MALEEHA KHURRAM, KHURRAM JAH ZAFAR, ANEELA QAISAR, TAHMEENA ATIQ, SOHAIL ABBAS KHAN
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UNCOMPLICATED TYPHOID FEVER;
Comparison of azithromycin and ciprofloxacin in the treatment
Abstract: Objectives of this study were To compare the clinical and bacteriological cure rates of azithromycin and ciprofloxacin in the treatment of uncomplicated typhoid fever and To determine any difference in the clinical and bacteriological cure rates w.....
KASHIF ALI, SAJID HUSSAIN , MUHAMMAD SALEEM AKHTER
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FEEDBACK;
Challengers in providing timely feedback to undergraduate and postgraduate students: faculty perspectives
Abstract: To explore perception of Khyber Medical University teachers regarding challenges in provision of timely feedback to students. Setting: Khyber Medical University, Peshawar. Period: March 2016 to September 2016. Methods: A qualitative multiple case .....
NAHEED MAHSOOD, BREKHNA JAMIL, USMAN MEHBOOB, ZEESHAN KIBRIA, KASHIF UR REHMAN KHALIL
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ENDOMETRIOSIS;
Endometriosis at caesarian section scar.
Abstract: A 32 years multiparous lady with history of previous three caesarean sections, presented with pain in the scar for the last three years. Clinical examination revealed a firm and tender nodule under the scar which used to become prominent on menstru.....
MUSSARAT SULTANA, HUMA KARAMAT, ASMA BATOOL
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