VOL. 25 NO. 05

COMPOUND DEPRESSED FRACTURES;
THE OUTCOME OF DELAYED REPAIR OF COMPOUND DEPRESSED FRACTURES; A TERTIARY CARE EXPERIENCE FROM KARACHI, PAKISTAN
Abstract: Background: It is defined as fracture in which fractured fragment is elevated above the level of the intact skull. Objectives: To assess the outcome of patients with delayed repair of compound depressed fractures. Study Design: Retrospective compa...
MUHAMMAD IMRAN, ATIQ AHMED KHAN, SYED IJLAL AHMED, SHIRAZ AHMED GHOURI, ALIZAY RASHID KHAN, MUHAMMAD OSAMA FAROOQUI
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PAEDIATRIC FEMUR FRACTURE;
RETROGRADE ELASTIC INTRAMEDULLARY NAILS VERSUS IMMEDIATE HIP SPICA CAST IN TREATMENT OF PAEDIATRIC FEMUR FRACTURE: A PROSPECTIVE, RANDOMIZED STUDY
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the outcome of retrograde flexible intramedullary nails in treatment of paedriatic diaphyseal fractures in comparison with the traditional treatment of immediate hip spica cast. Hypothesis: We hypothesised that in children ...
UMAR ZIA KHAN, MIAN AMJAD ALI, FAAIZ ALI SHAH
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SPINE SURGERY;
REVISION OF SPINE SURGERY AFTER SIMPLE LUMBER DISCECTOMY
Abstract: Introduction: low back pain is basic medical issue in our general population, it influence our day by day life exercises and bargains our personal satisfaction. Intervertebral disc herniation is one of the commonest reasons for backache and sciati...
MUHAMMAD KHALID, MUHAMMAD ASAD QURASHI, WASIM AFZAL
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EVALUATION RISK FACTORS OF NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS;
CHILDREN HOSPITAL AND THE INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH MULTAN.
Abstract: Introduction: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a condition where the intestines become infected and can begin to die. Necrotizing enterocolitis is a serious condition that may require surgery, and has a high morbidity and mortality rate. Objecti...
ABDUR REHMAN MALIK, AHMED IQBAL QUDDUSI, IMRAN IQBAL, MUKHTAR HUSSAIN BHATTI
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HABIT DISORDERS;
FREQUENCY OF HABIT DISORDERS IN CHILDREN COMING TO OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF ALLIED HOSPITAL FAISALABAD
Abstract: Introduction: Childhood habit behaviors appear in numerous different forms. Many people engage in some degree of habit like behavior in their lifetime. For example, habits can range from seemingly benign behaviors, such as nail biting or foot tapp...
ANJUM FAROOQ, SADIDA BAHAWAL, IMRAN SARWAR, AAMIR MUSHTAQ, MUHAMMAD ASGHAR BUTT
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IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA;
EVALUATING DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY OF RED BLOOD CELL WIDTH DISTRIBUTION FOR PREDICTING IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN CHILDREN
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) for the iron deficiency anemia in children. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Place and Duration: Department of Paediatrics, Layari General Hospital Shaheed...
NATHUMAL MAHESHWARI, OMPERKASH KHEMANI, BILAWAL HINGORJO, MEHMOOD SHAIKH, SIRICHAND, ANJUM REHMAN
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SEVERE ANAEMIA;
AWARENESS AND THE RISK FACTORS OF SEVERE ANAEMIA AMONGST CHILDREN 7 MONTHS - 5 YEARS OF AGE
Abstract: Anaemia is common reason of morbidity and mortality in children especially in third world countries. 300 million children had anaemia globally in 2011. Nutritional IDA (iron deficiency anemia) is a most common anaemia especially in children as wel...
MAZHAR NAZIR CHATTHA, MUHAMMAD IDRIS MAZHAR, TAQI HASAN, MANZOOR ELAHI RAI, KASHIF WAQAS
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CELIAC DISEASE;
A MEDLEY OF CLINICAL FEATURES A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL EXPERIENCE.
Abstract: Background: Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy stimulated by intake of gluten, rye and barley in genetically prone persons. In children, gastrointestinal symptoms are usual if disease is diagnosed in first two years of life but ...
JAVARIA RASHEED, TAJWER KHAN, MUHAMMAD KHALID, FAUZIA ZAFAR
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ORTHODONTIC BRACKETS;
COMPARISON OF SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF ORTHODONTIC BRACKETS BONDED TO COMPOSITE SURFACE
Abstract: Introduction: Bracket bonding on filled tooth surfaces is sometimes required in clinical orthodontic practice. The objective was to compare mean shear bond strength (SBS) of metal brackets on diamond bur roughened versus no treatment composite sur...
MUHAMMAD AZEEM, ARFAN UL HAQ, JAVED IQBAL
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ORAL HEALTH;
WHAT IS ORAL HEALTH IN LAYMAN’S PERSPECTIVE
Abstract: Introduction: Oral health is considered as being free from any kind of oral disease. Objectives: To explore the LAYMAN’S PERSPECTIVE regarding oral health, his awareness about oral diseases. To examine their attitude and beliefs regarding the main...
MUHAMMAD ILYAS, SADAF ZAHID, ANAM RAFIQ, MAHAM BILAL, NARMEEN ISHAQ
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BOVINE MILK;
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF RAW BOVINE MILK IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR
Abstract: Introduction: Milk and dairy products are consumed by the human on daily basis throughout the globe and constitute a huge business by the dairy farmers due to its high demand. The consumers of milk and milk products expect its high quality, free f...
SHAFQAT ULLAH, NAHEED MAHSOOD, AYESHA IMTIAZ, AMIR HAMZA
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THYROID DISORDERS;
SPECTRUM OF THYROID DISORDERS AN EXPERIENCE IN GUJRANWALA REGION OF PUNJAB
Abstract: Objective: to study the spectrum of various thyroid disorders presenting in peripheral teaching hospitals of Gujranwala region. Study Design: Descriptive, Cross sectional, Interventional. Setting: Department of Surgery Islam Teaching Hospital Sial...
SHAZIA JAHAN, ABDUR ROUF, SAJID AZIZ, MUHAMMAD ATEEQ
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COLORECTAL CANCER;
PATTERN AND DISTRIBUTION OF COLORECTAL CANCER. A RETROSPECTIVE HOSPITAL BASED STUDY AT CMCH & LINAR, LARKANA
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the changing clinicopathological pattern and distribution of colorectal cancer in our setup, highlighting future planning and designing for its prevention. Study Design: A retrospective study. Place and Duration: Departmen...
MUHAMMAD SALEEM SHAIKH, MUHARRAM ALI, MUHAMMAD ALI NAPER
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PROSTATE AND BREAST CANCER
A COMPARISON OF CK2 MODULATION OF C-MYC IN PROSTATE AND BREAST CANCER
Abstract: Background: CK2, a serine/threonine, protein kinase, targets over and above 300 substrates including c-Myc. CK2 expression is elevated in human cancers including breast cancer and prostate cancer. c-Myc protooncogene expression is also up-regulate...
SARAH SADIQ, ABDUL KHALIQ NAVEED, PALVASHA WAHEED, FATIMA QAISER, SHOAIB. N. HASHMI
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PORCELAIN METAL CERAMIC CROWN VERSUS PORCELAIN VENEER
A CLINICAL TRIAL INVESTIGATING THE SUCCESS BETWEEN THE TWO IN THE MAXILLARY ANTERIOR TEETH
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the success of porcelain metal ceramic crown and porcelain veneer in endodontically treated maxillary central incisor having discoloration. Study Design: Expermintal study. Setting: Akhtar Saeed Dental Hospital, Bahria Town...
M. RAFI ULLAH AWAN, HIRA ASGHAR, HAMID RAZA, FAIZ RASUL, MUHAMMAD SAFDAR BAIG
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BIRTH WEIGHT
TO COMPARE BIRTH WEIGHT OF INFANTS BORN TO DIABETIC AND NONDIABETIC MOTHERS
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the birth weight in infants born to diabetic mothers and to compare it with those born to nondiabetic mothers. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: Gynae and obstetrics unit Hayatabad Medical Complex Pe...
SHAHABUDDIN, AIMAN MOEEN, IHSAN ULLAH, NIAZ MOHAMMAD
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OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS AND DISEASES CAUSING OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AMONG 25-60 YEARS WOMEN IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN
Abstract: Objectives: To investigate socio-demographic factors and diseases causing overweight and obesity among 25 to 60 years women. Study Design: Descriptive crosssectional study. Duration & Setting: Comprised of five months (January 2016 to May 2016); ...
RUKIYA TARIQ, MARYAM SHAHID, KALSOOM TARIQ
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END STAGE RENAL DISEASE
HEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE IN GERIATRIC END STAGE RENAL DISEASE HEMODIALYSIS CASES
Abstract: Objectives: To study hematological profile in geriatric cases undergoing hemodialysis and compare with non-geriatric. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Department of Nephrology & Medicine, Rawal Institute of Health Sciences...
MUHAMMAD HUSSAIN BALOCH, NADIA SHAMS, NAJIA MAHMOOD, WARDA ZAHOOR, NARESH KUMAR SEETLANI, FARHAT BASHIR
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CORONARY CATHETERIZATION
FREQUENCY OF LOSS OF RADIAL PULSE IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING TRANSRADIAL CORONARY CATHETERIZATION
Abstract: Introduction: In recent years the trans-radial approach has been increasingly employed as an alternative approach to percutaneous coronary intervention. Loss of radial pulse may lead to ischemic symptoms like pain in hand, claudication etc. There ...
AAMIR SIDDIQUE, REHAN RIAZ, IMRAN JAVAID
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TB DIAGNOSTIC CENTERS
A STUDY OF QUALITY ASSURANCE OF TB DIAGNOSTIC CENTERS THROUGH PROFICIENCY TESTING IN LAHORE
Abstract: Introduction: Tuberculosis is the leading infectious cause of death and was declared as global emergency in 1993. Sputum smear microscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of the pulmonary tuberculosis. Blinded rechecking of the slides and panel ...
TAIMIA AYUB, TAIMIA AYUB, SAIM MAQSOOD, MARYAM AYUB, AYUB ALI
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PNEUMONIA
FREQUENCY AND FACTORS LEADING TO STROKE ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Abstract: Introduction: Stroke is a major cause of death and disability globally, with an expected rise in number of patients with ageing and economic transition of developing countries. Pneumonia is one of the major complications after stroke. Stroke assoc...
ANWAR HUSSAIN ABBASI, SHAHAB ABID
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SPONTANEOUS BACTERIAL PERITONITIS (SBP)
SPECTRUM OF BACTERIAL FLORA CAUSING SPONTANEOUS BACTERIAL PERITONITIS (SBP) IN PATIENTS WITH LIVER CIRRHOSIS
Abstract: Background: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a bacterial infection which occurs in cirrhosis of liver complicated by ascites. To decrease the high in-hospital mortality rate of 20 to 30%, rapid diagnosis and antibiotic treatment are esse...
WASEEM SARWAR MALGHANI, FAROOQ MOHYUD DIN CHAUDHARY, MUHAMMAD ILYAS, ASMA TAMEEZ UD DIN, ASIM TAMEEZ UD DIN
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VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY
VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY IN PATIENTS WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with hypothyroidism. Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Period: 12-05-2016 to 11-11-2016. Setting: Liaquat University Hospital Jamshoro / Hyderabad. Patient...
ARSHAD SATTAR LAKHO, AQEEL AHMED CHANNA, ABDUL GHAFFAR DARS, SYED ZULFIQUAR ALI SHAH, MUHAMMAD IQBAL
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ACUTE STEMI
PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES IN PATIENTS OF ACUTE STEMI ADMITTED IN CCU GHULAM MUHAMMAD TEACHING HOSPITAL, SUKUUR SINDH PAKISTAN
Abstract: Objectives: To find a relationship between acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and two major risk factors i.e. diabetes type 2 and hypertension in adult patients admitted in cardiology department of Ghulam Muhammad Mahar Medical Colle...
RAJ KUMAR SACHDEWANI, LAL CHAND DINGRA, AIJAZ HUSSAIN MEMON
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COAGULASE NEGATIVE STAPHYLOCOCCUS SPECIES
RESISTANCE AND THERAPEUTIC DECISIONS AT THE TURN OF THE NOVEL MILLENNIUM
Abstract: Objective: Department and sample wise distribution along with drug-resistant pattern and best therapeutic choice of drugs against Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (CoNS). Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Microbi...
EIMAN SYED, FAIZA NAWAZ SATTI, SUMAIRA MUBASHER, FARHAN RASHEED, MUHAMMAD ILYAS, AMBEREEN IMRAN ANWAR, WAHEED UZ ZAMAN
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ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME
FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT ARRHYTHMIAS IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME DURING FIRST 24 HOURS OF ADMISSION
Abstract: Introduction: Chest pain is one of the most common presentations to the emergency and cardiology clinics and most serious of these is acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a life threatening acute emergency.1 There are a number of complications, which ...
ABDUL MAJID, MUHAMMAD ZAFAR MAJEED BABAR, KASHIF SHAHZAD
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ACUTE ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
70 % OR MORE ST SEGMENT RESOLUTION ON 90 MINUTES POST THROMBOLYSIS ELECTROCARDIOGRAM AS A PREDICTOR OF INHOSPITAL OUTCOMES
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency of in-hospital outcomes in patients of acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) within five days of hospitalization with =70 ST segment resolution 90 minutes post thrombolysis. Study Design: Case serie...
MUNIR AHMAD, MUHAMMAD YASIR, ASIF RAHMAT
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PREMATURE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
INTERPLAY OF IMMUNE-INFLAMMATORY GENOMICS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PCAD
Abstract: Introduction: Integrative genomics may help in the identification of novel biological pathways in the pathogenesis of CAD. Objectives: To find out the association of 5 Cytokine SNPs and 13 CAD SNPs gene risk scores with serum cytokine levels in Pr...
WAFA OMER, AMER SIDDIQ, OMER JAMSHED KHAN, DILSHAD AHMED KHAN, EJAZ HASSAN KHAN KHATTAK, ABDUL KHALIQ NAVEED
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