VOL. 25 NO. 09

ISLAND FLAP
ROLE OF SUPRACLAVICULAR ARTERY ISLAND FLAP IN COMPLEX FACIAL SOFT TISSUE RECONSTRUCTION: A CLINICAL STUDY
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the role of Supraclavicular Artery Island Flap as an alternate to local and other regional flaps for complex soft tissue reconstruction of head and neck defects created by tumor resection, fire arm injuries, and burns. Stu...
HYDER ALI, NOOR UL WAHAB, SUFYAN AHMED, HUZAIFA SAEED UL KHAIR, MUJTUBA PERVAIZ, SYED MUHAMMAD ALI, MASOOD HUSSAIN RAO, MUHAMMAD ASHRAF GANATRA
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PILONODAL SINUS
MANAGEMENT OF PILONODAL SINUS WITH Z PLASTY TECHNIQUE: A STUDY OF 7 YEARS.
Abstract: Objectives: Pilonidal sinus is chronic inflammatory condition that usually affect young adult population, despite the current medical advances in the field of medical sciences. The acceptable management of pilonidal sinus is still lacking. This st...
ABDUL HAKEEM JAMALI, ALI AKBAR GHUMRO, ALTAF HUSSAIN GHUMRO
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APPENDECTOMY
UNUSUAL INCIDENTAL HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN APPENDECTOMY SPECIMENS
Abstract: Objectives: Investigating unusual incidental findings in appendectomy specimens by histopathological examination. Study Design: Observational study. Place & Duration: Department of Pathology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences from ...
NAZEER AHMED PATHAN, ABDUL AZIZ SHAIKH, MANZOOR ALI SHAIKH
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INCISIONAL HERNIA SURGERY
COMPARING THE FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF PREPERITONEAL MESH REPAIR VERSUS ONLAY MESH REPAIR AND LAPAROSCOPIC IPOM IN INCISIONAL HERNIA SURGERY
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the postoperative complication of different incisional hernia repair techniques; preperitoneal repair, onlay repair, and laparoscopic IPOM. Study Design: Randomized control trial. Setting: Multan Medical and Dental College ...
AMMARA LIAQUAT, RIZWAN AHMAD, AMNA LIAQUAT
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WOUND INFECTION
WOUND INFECTION IN EMERGENCY CESAREAN SECTION TWO-YEAR EXPERIENCE AT (LGH) LAHORE GENERAL HOSPITAL LAHORE
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of surgical site infection in emergency cesarean section and to detect the most common causative organism. Study Design: Prospective Study. Place & Duration: Department of Gynae unit-1 Lahore General Hospital...
ZAREEN AMJAD, ZAHID SATTAR, M LATEEF, ZAFAR ALI CHAUDHARY, RAMZAN RASHEED, SHAHZAD AFZAL, SHAHID RAFIQUE, RAFAY SAEED
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INTRACAPSULAR FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES
COMPARISON OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES IN UNIPOLAR VERSUS BIPOLAR UN-CEMENTED HEMIARTHROPLASTY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS.
Abstract: Objectives: To compare of functional outcomes in terms of post-operative mobility for unipolar versus bipolar un-cemented hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures. Study Design: Randomized Control Tr...
MUHAMMAD JAWAD AHMED, MARYAM SHAHID, MUHAMMAD HAMMAD AHMED, BILAL NAZAR
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SPINAL STENOSIS
COMPARISON OF THREE DOSES WITH SINGLE DOSE OF EPIDURAL STEROID INJECTION WITH SINGLE DOSE OF LUMBAR RADICULAR PAIN
Abstract: Introduction: Spinal stenosis causing lower back pain and radiculopathy and it is the most common cause of patient admission at Spine centre as compared to other spine pathologies. Most common complaint in the Spine outpatient department or hospit...
SAEED AHMAD, HASEEB HUSSAIN, ASHFAQ AHMED, RIZWAN AKRAM, IJAZ AHMED, SHAHZAD JAVED, NAEEM AHMAD, AMER AZIZ
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OSTEOPOROSIS
BODY OF MANDIBLE AND OSTEOPOROSIS
Abstract: Objectives: To establish a relation between changes in height of body of mandible on Orthopantomogram (OPG) X-ray with Dual Energy X- ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan of femoral neck and spine to see whether or not the OPG X-ray can be employed as e...
DURESHEWAR REHMAN, NAILA PERVEN, AISHA ABDUL HAQ
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OVARIAN TUMORS
CDX2 IS NOT THE SOLE INDICATOR OF INTESTINAL ORIGIN CANCER IN PATIENTS PRESENTED WITH OVARIAN TUMORS
Abstract: Background: It is mandatory to distinguish between primary ovarian tumors and metastases, as the treatment and prognoses are wide apart. Immunohistochemistry is most frequently method being used to distinct these. Multiple studies showed that CDX2...
JAWAD ALI MEMON, ZUBAIR ALI
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CAESAREAN SECTION
INDICATIONS AND RATE OF CAESAREAN SECTION IN PRIMIGRAVIDA
Abstract: Background: All over the world the rate of caesarean section is increasing day by day due to multiple factors and Pakistan is no exception to it. According to World Health Organization (WHO) the rate of caesarean section varies from 5% to 15%. Thi...
AYESHA NAEEM, ASHBA ANWER, SAADIA SAJJAD
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PRETERM LABOUR
FREQUENCY OF HYPOMAGNESAEMIA IN PRETERM LABOUR
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of hypomagnesaemia in women with preterm labour. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Settings: Department of obstetrics & gynaecology Nishtar Hospital Multan. Duration of Study: From 10th November 2016 to 10...
SAIMA ASHRAF, SHAHIDA PARVEEN, SHAHZAD ALAM
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VAGINAL DISCHARGE
FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT ORGANISMS RESPONSIBLE FOR VAGINAL DISCHARGE
Abstract: Objective: To find out the causative organisms of vaginal discharge in reproductive age. Study Design: A descriptive case study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Independent University Hospital Faisalabad. Duration of Study with ...
AASMA HANIF, RAHILA FARHAT CHAUDHRY, MUNAZZAH BASHIR
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MOLAR EXTRACTION
EFFECT OF CHLORHEXIDINE GEL APPLICATION TO PREVENT DRY SOCKET AFTER MANDIBULAR 3RD MOLAR EXTRACTION
Abstract: Introduction: Dry socket (DS) or Alveolar osteitis (AO) is a common post extraction complication in third molar removal. Various techniques have been used to reduce the risk of DS. Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Chlorhexidine (CHX) gel in p...
SHAHZAD WAHEED QURESHI, MAHA SIDDIQUI, GULREZ AMIN, ALIHA LIAQUAT, SUNDAS CHAUDHARY
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VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA
MICROBIOLOGY, MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE IMPACT AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN TERTIARY HOSPITALS SETTINGS
Abstract: Background: Patients associated with VAP having mortality rates range from 20 to 50% and this may extend up to 70% when multi-resistant and invasive pathogens accountable for infection, however, VAP is also interrelated with noteworthy rate of mor...
SABA ZUBAIR, HUMA ALI, FARYA ZAFAR, SYED FAHEEM RAZA, IRFAN ASHRAF, JAVAID WARIND, ANWER EJAZ BEG, MEHWISH RIZVI
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FRESH FROZEN PLASMA
INAPPROPRIATE USE OF FRESH FROZEN PLASMA AN AUDIT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.
Abstract: Introduction: As the use of Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) is having established complications including Allergic reactions, infectious complications, hemolysis, fluid over load, transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) and immune suppression, the...
MUHAMMAD ASIM KHAN, MARYAM ALAM KHAN, ANEELA DAR, SYED ASAD MAROOF, MOHAMMAD ZARIN, ROOH UL MUQIM, NAJEEB ULLAH
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TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS
FREQUENCY OF CUTANEOUS BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS
Abstract: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a syndrome with disordered metabolism and inappropriate hyperglycemia due to either deficiency of insulin secretion or combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin. Infections constitute the main bulk...
IJAZ AHMED, UMER JAHANGIR, HUMAIRA TALAT, FATIMA AKHUND
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ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
ASSESSMENT OF LEFT VENTRICULAR EJECTION FRACTION IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING CARDIAC REHABILITATION FOLLOWING ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Abstract: Background: Death and morbidity are commonly occurred worldwide due to heart diseases and are becoming an increasingly important problem in the developing countries including Pakistan. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) serves as a good...
GUL HASSAN BROHI, SHAHZEB RASOOL MEMON, MUHAMMAD YAQOOB SHAHANI, SAMREEN MEMON, UMBREEN BANO
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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
SCREENING OF RELATIVES OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
Abstract: Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive health care issue that is increasing cost burden on patients and health care system. In different researches it was concluded that relatives of patients suffering from CKD are at more ris...
POORAN MAL, MUHAMMAD NADEEM AHSAN, MEHWISH BUKHARI, ABDUL MANAN JUNEJO
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RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
INCREASED LEVELS OF LIPID PEROXIDATION AND EXPRESSION OF PROPHETIC VARIABLES AND THEIR INTERPLAY TO DEVELOP RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
Abstract: Objectives: Assessment of upstream levels of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage regulating the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Data Source: All the samples were collected from Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Study Design: Comparative cross sectional s...
ARIF MALIK, UMAR SAEED ANSARI, BUSHRA ASLAM, NIGHAT ASLAM, HASSAN SHAFIQUE, SULAYMAN WAQUAR
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ACUTE HEART FAILURE
FREQUENCY OF THE MAJOR PRECIPITATING FACTORS AMONG THE PATIENTS PRESENTING WITH ACUTE HEART FAILURE
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of the major precipitating factors among the patients presenting with acute heart failure. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad. Period: July 2014 to Ja...
JASIA REHAM DIN, SHAHID MAQBOOL, SHAKEEL UR REHMAN, NAEEM HAMEED
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DENGUE FEVER
ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF DENGUE FEVER PATIENTS IN PAEDIATRIC AGE GROUP “A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL PESHAWAR
Abstract: Objectives: To note ultrasound findings in patient of Dengue Fever in pediatric age group and to find relation between ultrasonographic findings and severity of disease in terms decrease in platelets. Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive stud...
RIFAQ ZEB, MIAN SAAD AHMED, JUNAID ZEB
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BETA THALASSEMIA
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE IN CHILDREN WITH BLOOD TRANSFUSION DEPENDENT BETA THALASSEMIA
Abstract: Background: Inadequate Blood Transfusion is responsible for various problems in children with Thalasseima. On the other hand, repeated transfusions are related with hazards. About 25-50% of the children with thalassemia major have impaired glucose...
IQBAL AHMED, MUHAMMAD AMMAR SADIQ, UMAIR ARSHAD, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ANWAR UL HAQ, SOBIA TABASSUM, ARSHIA SABIR, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD EJAZ UL HAQ
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DIABETES MELLITUS
MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN DIABETICS AT INDEPENDENT UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN
Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide and Pakistan is no exception. Objectives: To determine the morbidity and mortality in patients admitted with Diabetes Mellitus in a teaching hospital of...
ARSALAN HAFEEZ, KASHIF REHMAN, AQIB REHMAN, ABDUL HAFEEZ CH
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MEATAL STENOSIS
FREQUENCY OF MEATAL STENOSIS AFTER TWO STAGE BRACKA PROCEDURE FOR DISTAL PENILE HYPOSPADIAS
Abstract: Background: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies occurring in males. It is a condition in which the urethral opening, called urinary meatus, does not form completely to the tip of the penis. Instead, this opening may be locat...
IHSANULLAH KHAN, FIRDOUS KHAN, SYED ASIF SHAH, MUHAMMAD TAHIR, WAQAS HAYAT
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NASAL POLYPS
IN FUNGAL NASAL POLYPS DETERMINE INVOLVEMENT OF FUNGUS TYPE
Abstract: Background: Nasal polyposis is a provocative situation of indefinite etiology that involve nasal as well as sinus mucous membrane. Quality of life of a person can damage by nasal impediment due to these nasal polyps. Further, it can cause of persi...
WASEEM AHMAD, MUHAMMAD IQBAL, GOHAR AMIN
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SORE THROAT
COMPARISON OF KETAMINE NEBULISATION WITH KETAMINE GARGLES IN ATTENUATING POSTOPERATIVE SORE THROAT.
Abstract: Objectives: To compare the effect of ketamine nebulization and ketamine gargle on post operative sore throat. Study Design: Randomized control trial. Setting: Department of Anaesthesia Ibn e Sina Hospital. Multan and National, Lahore. Period: May ...
LIAQAT ALI, SABIR KHAN, HAROON ISRAR, AAMIR FURQAN
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ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA CARE
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE IN ESRD PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS
Abstract: Objectives: To determine knowledge, attitude and practice regarding AV fistula care in patients of end stage renal disease on hemodialysis. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: ESRD patients in Nephrology Department of Lahore General Hosp...
QURA TUL AIN IQBAL, AMNA SHAREEF, AURANGZEB AFZAL, SANIA ASHRAF
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WILKIN’S SCORE
PREDICTIVE VALUE OF WILKIN’S SCORE IN DETERMINING THE PROCEDURAL SUCCESS OF PERCUTANEOUS TRANSVENOUS MITRAL COMMISSUROTOMY
Abstract: Objectives: To assess the predictive value of Wilkin’s score in determining the procedural success of Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Commissurotomy. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Catheterization Laboratory of Gulab Devi Chest Hosp...
SOBIA MUGHAL, MUHAMMAD IMRAN HANIF, AREEBA RIAZ, ASIF HANIF
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DENGUE FEVER
PREDICTORS OF SPONTANEOUS BLEEDING IN DENGUE FEVER
Abstract: Background: Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-transmitted disease caused by the dengue virus, an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus of flaviridae family. DF is widely distributed in many countries of southeast and southern Asia, Central and South ...
AMMARAH SHARIF, AMBAREEN HAMID, ROMAISA NAEEM, HUMERA RAFIQUE, ASIF NAVEED
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SYNOVIAL OSTEOCHONDROMATOSIS
SECONDARY SYNOVIAL OSTEOCHONDROMATOSIS (SOC) OF SHOULDER JOINT
Abstract: The shoulder joint trauma after one to two years usually induces growth of its traumatic separated articular cartilage pieces, which sometime further deteriorates into an uncommon condition termed as SOC (Secondary synovial osteo-chondromatosis). ...
M. ZAKIR, JAVED TAUQIR, FAIZA MUNAWAR, SAMAN MUNAWAR, NADIR RASOOL, SYED AMIR GILANI, TAUQIR AHMAD
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POLYORCHIDISM
AN UNUSUAL SCROTAL LUMP
Abstract: Polyorchidism is a very rare anomaly that is defined by the presence of more than two testes. Knowledge about the condition and accurate imaging diagnosis and characterization is important to decide the optimal line of management and avoid unneces...
MUHAMMAD ARSHAD, MUHAMMAD ARSHAD MANZOOR, ZIMAR ARSHAD, TALIA ARSHAD
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