VOL. 25 NO. 02

PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES
Diagnostic accuracy of ß-hCG test in vaginal washings taking amniotic fluid pooling as gold standard of diagnose
Abstract: Background: Pre-labour rupture of the membranes is one of the most common clinical presentations in an obstetric setting. Early diagnosis is a major challenge faced by every obstetrician and key to effective management and prevention of complicati...
AZMEENA AZAM, HAFIZ MAOZ HUSNAIN, IQRA MARRYUM
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CHRONIC PELVIC PAIN
THE FREQUENCY AND CORRELATES IN YOUNG EDUCATED WOMEN
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency and associated risk factors of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in educated women under 30 years of age. Study Design: A cross sectional study. Setting: North Naziabad and Gulshan e Iqbal towns of Karachi. Period: J...
SYEDA RABIA, NAEEM AKHTAR QURESHI, AFSHA SHAHID, HIRA AFREEN
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MICROSCOPIC TESTICULAR SPERM EXTRACTION
PATIENTS IN OF NON-OBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA WITH HISTPATHOLOGIC, CYTOGENETIC AND HORMONAL VARIATIONS
Abstract: Azoospermia, the complete absence of sperms in the ejaculate is found in 1% of normal males and 10-15% of infertile couples. Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR) and use of sperms for ICSI/IVF offers an opportunity of parenting to the male factor infert...
MAHER SALEH MOAZIN, MUHAMMAD TAHIR BASHIR MALIK, MUHAMMAD ASLAM, NAIF ALDAHAM, MUHAMMAD YAHYA ALRAWI
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LOWER CERVICAL FRACTURE AND DISLOCATIONS
NEUROLOGICAL AND RADIOGRAPHIC OUTCOME OF CERVICAL PEDICLE SCREW FIXATION, A SINGLE CENTRE 40 PATIENT EXPERIENCE
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of our study is to determine the outcome of cervical pedicle screw fixation for fractures/dislocations of the cervical spine at our set up in Karachi, Pakistan. Study Design: A prospective case series. Period: 04 years duration...
FAISAL ABDUL JABBAR, ABDUL ALI KHAN, REHANA ALI SHAH
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IDIOPATHIC UNILATERAL FROZEN SHOULDER
COMPARISON OF KALTENBORN TECHNIQUE WITHIN AND WITHOUT RANGE OF MOTION EXERCISES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF FROZEN SHOULDER
Abstract: Introduction: Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is a condition affecting the glenohumeral joint and leads to restricted painful shoulder. It is very debilitating. This not only affects the activities of daily living of a person but job relate...
KANWAL ARSHAD, FAROOQ ISLAM, SUNAINA MUNEER
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TENNIS ELBOW
COMPARISON OF PLATELET RICH PLASMA WITH STEROID INJECTION IN TREATMENT
Abstract: Introduction: Lateral epicondylitis, also called as Tennis Elbow is the primary cause of musculo-skeletal ache including extensor origin of forearm. Repetitive movements are considered to be the root cause of this disorder. This disorder involves ...
USAMA BIN SAEED, TALHA BIND SAEED, SUNDUS TARIQ
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CHRONIC LIMB ISCHEMIA
ROLE OF ANKLE-BRACHIAL INDEX (ABI) IN EVALUATION OF PERIPHERAL VASCULAR INTERVENTION IN PATIENTS
Abstract: Background: The Ankle brachial index (ABI) measurements are commonly used inscreening and management of Peripheral Vascular Disease. In recent studies, Ankle brachial index (ABI) is utilized as a predictor of future atherosclerotic vascular diseas...
FAWAD FAROOQ, SHAMS UDDIN SHAIKH, SHAHBAZ SHAIKH, TARIQ ASHRAF
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POST-STROKE FOCAL HAND DYSTONIA
BOTULINUM TOXIN AND TASK SPECIFIC TRAINING
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the effects of Botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) with task specific training on hand function and quality of life in patients with post stroke focal dystonia of hand. Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Place and Duration o...
MUHAMMAD UMAR, TAHIR MASOOD, MAZHAR BADSHAH
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VESICOURETERAL REFLUX
EXTRAVESICAL VERSUS INTRAVESICAL URETERIC REIMPLANTATION IN CHILDREN
Abstract: Objectives: The objective of our study is to compare the extravesical and intravesical ureteric reimplantation for the treatment of bilateral vesicoureteral reflux in children. Period: April 2013 and July 2016. Setting: Urology Department of Mayo ...
MUHAMMAD RAMEEZ IRSHAD, ARSLAN ALI, SHUJAT AHMED RIAZ, AAMIR FURQAN
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NEEDLE STICK INJURIES
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE AND PREVENTION AMONG DENTAL PRACTITIONERS AND STUDENTS OF ISLAMIC INTERNATIONAL DENTAL HOSPITAL ISLAMABAD
Abstract: Objective: The aim of our study is to access the knowledge, attitude, practice and prevalence of needle-stick injuries among dental practitioners including both dentists and students of Islamic International Dental Hospital, Islamabad. Study Desig...
HUDA KHALID, MUHAMMAD KHALID SIDDIQUE, HAMNA KHALID, AIMON AFTAB, HUMAIRA ANWAR, KINZA IFTIKHAR
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TRISMUS
COMPARISON AFTER REMOVAL OF IMPACTED THIRD MOLAR IN PATIENTS VISITING ORAL SURGERY DEPARTMENT IN HYDERABAD
Abstract: Objectives: To compare trismus in surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar using comma incision and standard Wards incision. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Dental OPD of Isra Dental College, Isra University. Period: 1st J...
ALVINA ALI SHAIKH, SALMAN SHAFIQUE, HASSAN SHAHID
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PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS DEVICE OCCLUSION
IMMEDIATE RESULTS AND COMPLICATIONS
Abstract: Objectives: To determine immediate outcomes and complication rate of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus. Study Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: CPE Institute of cardiology. Period: 2009 to May 2016. Materials and Methods: T...
TOUSEEF ASMA CHAUDHRY, MUHAMMAD YOUNAS, AHSAN BEG, MUHAMMAD AMEEN
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OVARIAN MALIGNANCY
IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE PRESENTING WITH OVARIAN MASS AND FREQUENCY OF FACTORS LEADING TO OVARIAN MALIGNANCY
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the frequency of ovarian malignancy in women of reproductive age presenting with ovarian mass and to determine frequency of factors leading to ovarian malignancy. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of...
SHABANA RAFIQ, RAZIA BIBI, SAMINA ASHRAF
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DENTAL FLUOROSIS
INCIDENCE IN SCHOOLCHILDREN AGE 12-15 YEARS IN GOJRA, PAKISTAN
Abstract: Objectives: To assess the incidence of dental fluorosis in schoolchildren aged 12 to 15 years resident of Gojra, Pakistan. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: 10 Different Public Schools of the City Gojra. Period: May to July 2017. Metho...
SOBIA ASHRAF, MUHAMMAD USMAN KHALID, HAMZA JAMIL
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MAXILLARY INTER CANINE WIDTHS
COMPARISON ANALYSIS IN VARIOUS POPULATIONS
Abstract: Introduction: Intercanine and intermolar width are key measurements for diagnosis and orthodontic treatment planning. The aim of current study was to determine the mean maxillary intercanine arch width (ICW) of untreated normal arch Pakistani pati...
MUHAMMAD AZEEM, ARFAN UL HAQ, SAMINA QADIR
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CENTRAL CORNEAL THICKNESS
COMPARISON OF CENTRAL CORNEAL THICKNESS MEASUREMENTS BY PENTACAM AND ULTRASOUND PACHYMETRY, IN MYOPIC AND KERATOCONUS EYES
Abstract: Objectives: To compare central corneal thickness in myopic and keratoconus eyes by ultrasound pachymetry and pentacam HR. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Qassim University, Optometry Clinics, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Period: October ...
MUHAMMAD IJAZ AHMAD, MANZOOR AHMAD QURESHI, MUHAMMAD SHAKEEL AHMAD, YOUSEF HOMOOD ALDEBASI
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CRIMEAN-CONGO HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (CCHF)
PATTERN OF CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND PREDICTORS OF OUTCOME IN PATIENTS
Abstract: Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) from the Bunyaviridae family causes a highly contagious disease in human called as, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Infection in humans leads to a serious pyrexial illness that ofte...
ZAHIDULLAH KHAN, ZAHID FIDA, ABIDULLAH KHAN, FAKHAR ZAMAN, MAIMOONA AYUB
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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD)
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VITAMIN D LEVEL AND INFLAMMATORY MARKERS. 4 PTS A SINGLE CENTRE STUDY
Abstract: Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is pretty common among the patients with CKD some studies suggesting it to be starting from CKD 3 when the egfr start falling from 60 ml/min. The cause can be due to different reasons including race, obesity, nut...
ADIL MANZOOR, RASHID ABASHER
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NO-REFLOW PHENOMENON
INCIDENCES AFTER PCI
Abstract: Background: Profound reduction in antegrade epicardial coronary flow with concomitant ischemia is seen occasionally during percutaneous coronary intervention despite the absence of evident vessel dissection, obstruction, or distal vessel embolic c...
NAEEM ASGHAR, SHAKEEL AHMAD, FAIQ ILYAS
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METABOLIC SYNDROME
FREQUENCY IN PATIENTS PRESENTED WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE
Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of individual IHD risk factors and major components of the metabolic syndrome associated with IHD. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study. Setting: Cardiology Depar...
AYESHA ANWER, MAJID KALEEM, HASSAN ABBAS, ASIF HANIF
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HEART FAILURE
CLINICAL FEATURES WITH PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION
Abstract: Objectives: To observe the function of left ventricular contractile and its pairing with failure preserved ejection fraction. Study Design: Observational longitudinal study. Setting: Punjab institute of Cardiology. Period: Jan 2017 to June 2017. M...
ANEEQA ILYAS, MUHAMMAD HASSAN ZAFAR, SANA AMIN
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ACUTE INFERIOR WALL MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
FREQUENCY OF COMPLETE HEART BLOCK AND ITS RELATION WITH SEVERE OBSTRUCTIVE DISEASE OF THE INFARCT RELATED ARTERY.
Abstract: Objectives: To find the frequency of complete heart block in acute inferior wall myocardial infarction and its relation with severe obstructive disease of the infarct related artery. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Card...
MUHAMMAD RAMZAN, JEHAN ZAB, MUHAMMAD KASHIF JAVED, FARMAN ALI
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CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE
PANCYTOPENIA IN PATIENTS
Abstract: Objectives: Objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency of pancytopenia in patients with viral chronic liver disease. Study Design: Descriptive case series study. Setting: All patients enrolled from OPD and admitted patients having a chro...
AHSAN MOBIN, IMTIAZ MANZOOR, HAFEEZULLAH SHAIKH, MUHAMMAD ASHRAF EBRAHIM
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ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE
CORRELATION BETWEEN SERUM CALCIUM LEVELS AND SEVERITY OF INFARCT IN PATIENTS.
Abstract: Objectives: Objective of this study is to assess the correlation between severity of ischemic stroke on NIHSS and calcium level in patients presented with acute ischemic stroke. Study Design: Descriptive case series and non-probability purposive s...
LAL BADSHAH, ASIM KHAN, SHAHIDA MALIK
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SPONTANEOUS BACTERIAL PERITONITIS
PATIENTS OF LIVER CIRRHOSIS WITH LOW ASCITIC PROTEIN CONTENTS.
Abstract: Objectives: To record frequency of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients of liver cirrhosis with low ascitic protein contents. Methodology: This study included 81 patients with liver cirrhosis with low ascitic proteins level. All the patie...
NOOR GUL, TAHIR HABIB RIZVI, MEMOONA ALAM
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EVALUATION OF SERUM ZINC LEVEL
SUDANESE FEMALES PATIENTS WITH ACNE VULGARISIN KHARTOUM STATE.
Abstract: Back ground: Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. Zinc is a trace element, exists in high amounts within the skin and especially the epidermis. Its importance for human metabolism has been noted by the dramatic impro...
THIGA MOHAMMED MOHAMMED OSMAN ALHASSAN, ABDELMULA MOHAMED ABDALLA, ESHTIAG MOHAMMED MOHAMMED OSMAN ALHASSAN, SUHAIR ABDELRAHMAN AHMED
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PSORIASIS
FREQUENCY OF ERYTHRODERMIC VARIANT IN PEDIATRIC AGE GROUP.
Abstract: Objectives: The objective of our study was to determine the frequency of erythrodermic variant of psoriasis in pediatric age group. Study Design: Hospital based crosssectional study. Setting: Civil Hospital Karachi Dow University of Health Science...
HUMAIRA TALAT, ZARNAZ WAHID
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HUMAN POISONING
PREVALENCE OF HUMAN POISONING IN SARGODHA, PAKISTAN.
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the prevalence of poisoning in local population of District Sargodha. Study Design: A retrospective study. Setting & Duration: The study was conducted in District Head Quarter (DHQ) Teaching Hospital, Sargodha for the peri...
SUMMYIA SADIA, ALTAF PERVEZ QASIM, BASHIR AHMAD SIDDIQUI, JUNAID ALTAF QASIM
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UNNATURAL DEATHS
PATTERN OF UNNATURAL DEATHS IN FAISALABAD.
Abstract: Introduction: Death is certain for every living creature and everybody has to taste death but death caused by unnatural means leave a permanent scars on the soul of society. Objective: To determine the pattern of unnatural deaths in Faisalabad dur...
HUMERA PARVEEN, MUHAMMAD NAEEM, MOBIN INAM PAL, JAVED IQBAL, IJAZ HUSSAIN
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SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER
STIGMA IN PEOPLE: ROLE OF PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT IN DEPRESSION.
Abstract: Introduction: In the present study social support will be defined in order to find its moderating role in depression among people with substance use disorder. Objectives: The Objective of the study was to explore that stigma is a significant predi...
NAEEM ULLAH LEGHARI, ZAKIA BANO, ZOOFISHAN AHMAD, BUSHRA AKRAM
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HETEROTOPIC SALIVARY GLAND
A CASE REPORT IN ILEUM LEADING TO INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION & INTUSSUSCEPTION.
Abstract: Background: Salivary glands heterotopia is defined as presence of salivary gland tissue outside its normal location.1 Salivary gland heterotopia in ileum leading to obstruction & intussusception is extremely rare. Only two such cases have been rep...
AFRA SAMAD, MADIHA SYED, ARBAZ SAMAD
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PLACENTA ACCRETA
MATERNAL OUTCOME AFTER CONSERVATIVE MANAGEMENT IN A WOMAN DESIRING FERTILITY.
Abstract: Placenta accreta is an obstetrical emergency associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Traditionally, hysterectomy at the time of cesarean section has been the mainstay of therapy especially in cases where diagnosis is made ant...
AFSHAN AMBREEN, FARHAT UL AIN AHMED, SOBIA ZAFAR, ABEER SAEED, SUNDUS MUSHTAQ, MAAZ ARSALAN
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