MOST COMMON RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS
Keywords:Stroke;, Cerebral Infarction;, Risk Factors.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of different risk factors among patients
of stroke due to cerebral infarction. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional survey. Setting:
Punjab Medical College and affiliated hospitals (Allied Hospital and DHQ), Faisalabad. Duration
with Dates: Six months from June 2006 to November 2006. Methods: This was a cross
sectional survey that included 195 patients with stroke due to cerebral infarction. The main
outcome variable was frequency of different risk factors which were described as frequency
distribution table. Results: Hypertension was seen among 142 (73%) patients, followed by
diabetes mellitus in 83 42.5% patients, ischemic heart disease in 74 (38%) patients, smoking
in 59 (30.3%) patients, obesity in 53(27%) patients, atrial fibrillation in 43 (22%) patients and
dyslipidemia in 23 (11.8%). Conclusion: Hypertension is the most common risk factor followed
by diabetes mellitus associated with stroke due to cerebral infarction.