Histopathological spectrum of prostatic diseases at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Southern Punjab
Keywords:Adenocarcinoma, Gleason Score, Hyperplasia, Histopathological, Lesion, Prostate
Objective: To see the spectrum of prostatic lesions at a tertiary care hospital of Southern Punjab. Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Department of Histopathology, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur. Period: 2nd June, 2021 till 31st December, 2021. Material & Methods: Retrospective descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Histopathology, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur. The data was collected from the histopathological files and from already diagnosed from June 2021 till December 2021. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS with the confidence interval of 95% and p-value of ≤0.05 was considered as significant. Chi-square was applied to find association with age and year of diagnosis. Results: Total of 126 patients were documented from June 2021 till December 2021, out of which 92 (73%) were of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, commonly diagnosed in the age group of 60 years and above. Prostatic Adenocarcinoma having Gleason scores of 6 and below were frequent in our study in the same age group of 60 years and above. Conclusion: In our study, there was a higher prevalence of Benign Prostatic diseases (73%) as compared to the other prostatic lesions and most commonly occurring in the age group of 60 years and above. Prostatic Adenocarcinoma was less commonly present (11.9%) with Gleason scoring of 6 and below in the age group of 60 and above years.
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