Perinatal outcome in pregnant females at term having low amniotic fluid index.
Keywords:Cesarean Section, Low Amniotic Fluid Index, Low Birth Weight
Objectives: To determine the frequency of perinatal outcome in pregnant females at term having low amniotic fluid index. Study Design: Descriptive, Case Series study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Independent University Hospital, Faisalabad. Period: 1st October 2019 to 31st March 2020. Materials & Methods: A total of 90 women having singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation having 37-40 weeks of gestation with AFI <8cm, 20 to 35 years of age were included. Patients with multiple pregnancy, ruptured membrane, fetal anomaly, gestational diabetes and Rh Incompatibility were excluded. Cesarean delivery, meconium stained liquor, low birth weight, NICU admission and APGAR score <7 at 5 min were assessed by consultant gynecologist. Results: Age range in this study was from 20 to 35 years with mean age of 28.92 + 4.45 years. Majority of the patients 43 (47.77%) were between 31 to 35 years of age. Mean gestational age was 38.31 + 1.20 weeks. Mean parity was 2.72 + 1.02. In this study, frequency of perinatal outcome in pregnant females at term having low amniotic fluid index was as follows; cesarean section was performed in 60 (66.67%), low birth weight was observed in 58 (64.44%) patients, APGAR score <7 at 5 minutes in 56 (62.22%), meconium stained liquor in 24 (26.67%) and NICU admission in 17 (18.89%) patients. Conclusion: This study concluded that proper antenatal monitoring and management should be done in these high risk patients in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality of the fetus.
Copyright (c) 2021 The Professional Medical Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.