Prevalence and risk factors of systemic hypertension among children.
Keywords:Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Pre-Hypertension
Objective: To find out the prevalence and risk factors of systemic hypertension. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of Pediatrics, Sughra Shafi Medical Complex, Sahara Medical College, Narowal. Period: July 2020 to June 2021. Material & Methods: A total of 298 children of both gender aged 4-12 years, visiting pediatric outpatient department of the study institution were enrolled. A child was labeled as normotensive if blood pressure (BP) measurement was below 90th percentile, pre-hypertensive if BP between 90th to 95th percentile and hypertensive if BP more than 95th percentile. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 26.0. Results: In a total of 298 children, 171(57.4%) were male. Overall, mean age was found to be 7.6+2.1 years while 159 (53.4%) were below 7 years of age. Majority of the children, 166 (55.7%) belonged to rural areas of residence. Family history of hypertension was noted in 150 (50.3%) children. Hypertension was found in 56 (18.8%) children, pre-hypertension in 9 (3.0%) while remaining 233 (78.2%) children were normotensive. Age less than 7 years (p=0.0023), overweight/obesity (p=0.0026) or family history of hypertension (p=0.0118) were found to have significant association with hypertension. Conclusion: High prevalence of systemic hypertension was noted in children. Younger age, high body mass index and family history of hypertension were found to be significantly associated with hypertension.
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