Frequency of diabetic retinopathy in patients of acute ST elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Keywords:Acute, Coronaryartey Disease, Diabetic Retinopathy, ST Elevated MI
Objective: To determine the frequency of diabetic retinopathy in patients of acute ST elevated Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) in our population. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of Cardiology, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar. Period: 20th November 2018 to 19th May 2019. Material & Methods: Detailed history was taken and previous records were reviewed to look for diagnosis of DM, followed by complete examination and investigations including FBC, LFTs, RFTs, ECG and echo to fulfill exclusion criteria. Fundoscopy was performed by two experienced cardiology trainees with riester ophthalmoscope. Consensus was made on ophthalmoscopy findings regarding the presence or absence of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). Results: In this study a total of 189 patients were observed. Mean age was 43 years with SD ±11.23. Sixty six percent patients were male while 34% patients were female. More over 5% patients had diabetic retinopathy while 95% patients did not have diabetic retinopathy. Conclusion: Our study concludes that the frequency of diabetic retinopathy was 5% in patients of acute ST elevated MI in our population.