Clinical profile and outcome of the patients admitted in PICU in tertiary hospital.
Objectives: To analyze the clinical profile, etiologies and outcome of seriously ill patients admitted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: PICU of Nishtar Medical Hospital, Multan, Pakistan. Period: January 2018 to December 2018. Material & Methods: During the study period, a total of 150 children, aged 1 to 12 years, with better prognosis and post-surgical cases requiring intensive care were registered. Age, gender, cause for hospitalization (clinical, surgical or emergency), length of PICU stay, diagnosis and outcome were recorded for all patients. Results: During the year of the study, 83 (55.3%) children were noted to be male. The mean age was 56.9+12.5 months. Mechanical ventilation was done in 62 (41.3%) patients. Major indications for admission to the PICU were respiratory disorders (21.5%), followed by sepsis (11.4%) and meningitis (8.1%). Majority, 80 (53.3%) patients improved and were shifted to ward and later discharged while 27 (18.0%) expired. Conclusion: Most of the children admitted in the PICU were male, aged below 5 years. Most common indication for admission in the PICU were respiratory disorders followed by sepsis and meningitis.