The impact of overactive bladder on health related quality of life.

  • Hafiza Khatoon PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Sindh. 
  • Safia . PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh.
  • Ambreen Naz PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh. 
  • Nousheen Mushtaq Health Department Sindh Govt
  • Tahira Awan Civil Hospital Karachi.
  • Rukhsana Ahmed PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh. 
Keywords: Epidemiology, Overactive Bladder, Quality of Life

Abstract

Objective: To determine the impact of overactive bladder on health related quality of life (HRQOL). Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Sindh. Period: 1st November 2018 to 30th June 2019. Material & Methods: One Hundred forty nine women included who fulfilled inclusion criteria after taking inform consent. The questionnaire consisting of domain of general health perception, urinary incontinence, role limitation on physical, social & personal relationship, emotion with score was analyzed. Each question was carry 1 point as score .Score was analyzed further on percentage basis. Those who gain >33% were be labeled as impact of overactive bladder –ve patients. Finally data was analyzed on SPSS version 21. Results: The present study consisted of 145 subjects presented to the Department of Psychiatry, Services Hospital Lahore (both in and Out-patients). Over reactive bladder were matched on age, sex and socio-economic status & educational status. The age range of the total sample was 23-60 years. Mean age was 42.53 + 11.69. The duration of symptoms range of the total sample was 09-20 years. Mean duration was 16.7 + 5.6. The prevalence of over reactive bladder (OAB) syndrome were found 21%, respectively. The age were divided in to four classification age groups 17(11.7%) under the age of <30years, 31(21.4%) under the age of 31-40 years, 85(58.6%) found under the age of (58.6%) & 41-50 Years of age 85(58.6%) Women constitute the largest age groups. Out of 145 Women 68(46.9%) were Illiterate, 48(33.1%) were literate up to intermediate, 29(20%), took graduation education. The distribution of income classes of women 61(42.06%) belong to low class, 65(44.84%) belong to middle class and only 19(13.10%) belong to upper class. The parity distributions were revealed that most of the 78(53.7%) women had multiparty. Stratification of confounding variable for effect modifier Age & parity were found to be significantly associated with over reactive bladder syndrome. Again Stratification of confounding variable for effect modifier socio economic status & education status are not found significantly associated with over reactive bladder syndrome & P –Value were not found significantly associated with OAB P>0.05. Conclusion: We concluded incidence of overactive bladder in the female is almost similar and associated with increasing your age. Patients of OAB are under-diagnosed and under-treated. This patient can benefit from standard tests.

Author Biographies

Hafiza Khatoon, PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Sindh. 

MBBS, FCPS

Assistant Professor Obstetrics & Gynecology

Safia ., PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh.

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

Ambreen Naz, PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh. 

MBBS, FCPS

Instructor Obstetrics & Gynecology

Nousheen Mushtaq, Health Department Sindh Govt

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

Tahira Awan, Civil Hospital Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS

Consultant Gynaecologist

Rukhsana Ahmed, PAQSJ Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences Gambat, Khairpur Mirs Sindh. 

MBBS, FCPS

Senior Registrar

Published
2021-04-10