Comparison of intraincisional and intraperitoneal infiltration of local anaesthetic in laparoscopic cholecystectomy to control early postoperative pain.
Objective: To compare the effects of intraincisional and intraperitoneal infiltration of local anaesthetic to relieve early postoperative pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Study Design: Randomized Control Trial. Setting: Department of Anaesthesia and Surgery, Madinah Teaching Hospital Faisalabad. Period: July 2017 to March 2018. Material & Methods: A sample of 100 patients with American Society of Anaesthesiologists Physical status (ASA) I and II, undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected using simple random sampling technique. Patients were randomly assigned into groups A and B. Group A patients received intraperitoneal infiltration of 20 ml solution of 0.25% bupivacaine and group B patients received intraincisional infiltration of 20 ml solution of 0.25% bupivacaine. Results: Demographic characteristics were not significantly different in both groups. Our study showed that Group A patients had better pain relief as compared to group B patients. Visual analogue score (VAS) for pain relief at 0, 3,6,12 and 24 hours was statistically different in both groups. The requirement of rescue analgesia between group A and B was found to be12% and 38% which is statically significant (p value 0.003). Conclusion: intraperitoneal infiltration of Bupivacaine offers better postoperative pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and is associated with less analgesic requirement in early postoperative period.