Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gall stone disease. A single center experience.
Objectives: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has turned into the gold standard for patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. But still this procedure is not complication free. Many a time’s laparoscopic cholecystectomy needs to be converted to open cholecystectomy. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Civil Hospital Bahawalpur. Period: 3 years from July 2015 to June 2018. Material & Methods: Carried out to review the frequency of complications encountered in laparoscopic cholecystectomy by assessing 400 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Performa was intended to incorporate important demographic data, history of illness, examination and investigations. Results: The major complication of our procedure was bleeding. Bleeding from the trocar site happened in 11 cases (2.75%), vascular damage in the callots triangle in 2 (0.5%) and from liver bed in 19 (4.75%) cases, followed by biliary leak that happened in 20 (5%) cases. Spilled gallstones were seen in 8(2%), Port site infection in 24 (6%) cases. Common bile channel stricture was accounted for in 5 patients, 14 (3.5%) out of 400 patients were converted to open surgery. Mortality was low for our situation I.e. 1 patient. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is becoming a safe procedure in terms of complications.