LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTIC AND ETIOLOGY OF PATIENTS PRESENTED IN A TEACHING INSTITUTE
Objectives: To determine Demographic characteristic and etiology of patients
presenting with lumbar disc herniation. Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study.
Setting: Department of Neurosurgery, Naseer Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Period: September
2013 to February 2015. Material and Methods: We evaluated two hundred and eleven patients.
All patients with either gender and age who presented through outpatient department, with
clinically and radiological diagnosed lumbar disc prolapsed were included in the study.
Patient profile like name, age, sex, occupation like driver, barber, carpenter, labourer, office
worker and those with systemic diseases were documented on predesigned Proforma. MRI
Lumbosacral spine done in all patients. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.02015.
Results: 211 patients were recruited in this study. Out of which 145(69%) were male and
66(31%) were female. In our study 97(46%) were in age ranges of 31-40 years, followed by
63(30%) in 21-30years, followed by 29(14%) in age group. Long route drivers on bad roads
had common disc herniation 66(31%) followed by labour (moderate to heavy weight lifting)
42(20%), carpenters 27(13%), barbers 23(11%) and office workers 19(9%). Conclusion: Middle
age working male was more prone to develop Lumbar disc herniation, more commonly at L4-l5
and L5-S1 level. Long distance driver, labourer, carpenter, barber and office worker have strong
association with lumbar disc herniation.