Association of body mass index with breakfast in medical student.

  • Saleemullah Abro Baqai Medical University Karachi.
  • Qurratulain Saleem Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.
  • Ahad Ahmar Noor Civil Hospital Karachi.
  • Ghulnaz Khalid Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.
  • Maham Khan Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.
  • Fatima - Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Breakfast, Gender, Medical Students, Skipping Breakfast

Abstract

Objective: To find out the association body mass index (BMI) with breakfast in medical student of Karachi. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study. Setting: Public Sector Medical Institutes of Karachi. Periods: 1st January to 31st March 2019. Material & Methods: 382 medical students were enrolled after taking informed consent. Data was collected from included students of this study, having age of 18 to 24 years and all medical students having history of lactose intolerance, anorexia nervosa, and food allergies were excluded from study. Data was collected by self made structured questionnaire and anthropometric measurements were collected. Body mass index was calculated as weight (Kg)/height (m)2. Collected data was analyzed by using Statistical package for social sciences version 22. Results: The mean age and mean Body mass index of studied samples were 20.83±1.54, and 15.53±3.5 respectively. Most of the participants were females and they belong to underweight category (BMI ≤ 18.5) of body mass index. The participants did breakfast were 81.4% and omit or skip breakfast was 18.6%. The habit of breakfast skippers was mostly in females (85.9%) and in males was 14.1%. The Body mass index (BMI) had as statistically significant (p<0.05) association with breakfast. Conclusion: The majority of medical students were females and habit of skipping breakfast most common in them, so body mass index were <18.5 kg/m2 in them and the Body mass index had as statistically significant (p<0.05) association with breakfast.

Author Biographies

Saleemullah Abro, Baqai Medical University Karachi.

MBBS, DCN, MCPS, M.Phil, Ph.D Scholar

Assistant Professor Physiology

Qurratulain Saleem, Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.

MBBS, MCPS

Assistant Professor Community Medicine

Ahad Ahmar Noor, Civil Hospital Karachi.

MBBS

Postgraduete student/RMO

Ghulnaz Khalid, Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.

MBBS, FCPS (Hematology)

Professor Pathology

Maham Khan, Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.

Final Year Medical Student

Fatima -, Karachi Medical and Dental College Karachi.

Final Year Medical Student

Published
2021-04-10