Acute bacterial meningitis in children with 1st episode of febrile seizures.
Objectives: To find out the frequency of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) among children with 1st episode of febrile seizures (FS) at a tertiary care hospital. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Pediatrics Medicine Children’s Hospital and Institute of Child’s Health, Multan. Period: October 2019 to March 2020. Material & Methods: A total number of 169 children who presented with 1st episode of acute FS, aged 6-60 months were included in this study. Data regarding age, gender, residential area and mother education was taken for each children. Once registered, lumbar puncture (LP) was performed along with a random blood sugar. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected and analyzed to find out the frequency of FS among children having ABM. Results: Mean age of children was 24.44±12.26 months. There were 100 (59.17%) male children and 69 (40.83%) female children. there were 16 (9.47%) children having positive family history of FS. 97 (57.40%) children were belonged to rural area and rest of the others were belonged to urban area. ABM was found in 10 (5.92%) children. Conclusion: Frequency of ABM among children presented with FS is not high. ABM was diagnosed in 5.92% children presenting with 1st episode of acute FS.