Burden and baseline characteristics of patients with decompensated liver disease in Tertiary Care Hospital Gujrat.
Objective: To determine the load, clinical and laboratory findings of the patients with decompensated cirrhosis admitted in medical department of tertiary care hospital and to make plan for the improvement of these patients. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Department of medicine of Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Teaching Hospital, Gujrat. Period: from 1st January 2019 to 31st March 2019. Material & Methods: All 964 patients who were admitted included in study, clinical and laboratory features of patients with decompensated cirrhosis were recorded. Results: Male were in majority (53.7%), median age was 39 years. Decompensated cirrhosis was found in 216 (22.4%), patients due to complication of Diabetes Mellitus were 170 (17.6%), COPD & Asthma was found in 130 patients(13.5%), Stroke & Hypertension in 126 patients while Gastroenteritis 6% and infectious diseases RTI, UTI, Enteric Fever etc were present in 46 patients. Among 216 patients, one hundred & seventy eight were Hepatitis C Positive, fifteen had Hepatitis B, and eight had history of alcohol consumption. Seven patients were both Hepatitis B and C positive while in 3.6% etiology was other than mentioned above. Ascites was noted in two hundred six patients, 36.5% had variceal bleed while 51 admitted due to encephalopathy. Conclusion: HCV related cirrhosis and its complications like upper GI bleed, encephalopathy, ascites and hepatoma are major burden on our hospitals and need special attention.