Association of Pre-hypertension with blood groups in young population.
Objectives: Pakistan has highest mortality rate due to hypertension and its complications. Hypertension is a squealed of Pre- hypertension which is believed to start at adolescent and continue to adulthood. Association of blood group with hypertension is evident but still hypothesized. This study aims to find the frequency of prehypertension and its association with blood group. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Aziz Fatimah Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad. Period: 15 March’18 to 15 Sep’18. Material and Methods: It was comprised of in comprised of 100 MBBS students. Demographic data including age, weight, height, waist and hip circumference, and BMI was determined. Blood group was determined with help of conventional slide method. Blood pressure was measured by auscultatory method. Data was analyzed by using SPSS 21. Continuous variables are given in mean and standard deviation. Categorical data was given in frequency and percentages. P value≤ 0.05 is taken as significant. Results: Out of 100 participants most common blood group was group ‘O’ (43%) followed by B (35 %) and AB (13%) and A (9%).36% of total population was pre-hypertensive and 64% were normotensive. Prehypertension is most commonly found in blood group ‘A’ (77%) followed by blood group ‘O’ (46.5%). Significant difference was found in means of SBP (p value= 0.001*) and DBP (p value= 0.000*) among the various blood groups. Conclusion: Most common blood group in studied population was ‘O’ although hypertension was most commonly observed in blood group A followed by ‘O’.