Pattern of female gynecological malignancies in south Punjab Region of Pakistan: An overview of 5 years.
Objectives: To find out the pattern of female gynecological malignancies in Pakistan, with the aim of providing basis for the development of preventive strategies to combat the current trend. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Department of Oncology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan. Period: 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2019. Material & Methods: A retrospective analysis of all the cases of female gynecological malignancies presented was carried out using a proforma. The data was analyzed using frequencies and percentages. Results: The gynecological malignancies are the fourth (20.64%) most common female malignancies. Among gynecological cancers; ovarian cancer (47.1%) is the commonest, followed by cervical cancer (24.8%), uterine cancer (11.6%), gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (12.9%), vaginal cancer (2%) and vulval cancer (1.6%). Conclusion: Gynecological malignancies constitute a major portion of female malignancies. The need of the hour is to design effective preventive and control strategies, so as to lower the burden of female gynecological malignancies in future.