Pattern of female gynecological malignancies in south Punjab Region of Pakistan: An overview of 5 years.

  • Shagufta Tabassum Nishtar Medical University, Multan.
  • Ahmed Ijaz Masood Nishtar Medical University, Multan.
  • Mehnaz Khakwani Nishtar Medical University, Multan.
Keywords: Female Gynecological Malignancies, Overview, Pattern

Abstract

Objectives: To find out the pattern of female gynecological malignancies in Pakistan, with the aim of providing basis for the development of preventive strategies to combat the current trend. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Department of Oncology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan. Period: 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2019. Material & Methods: A retrospective analysis of all the cases of female gynecological malignancies presented was carried out using a proforma. The data was analyzed using frequencies and percentages. Results: The gynecological malignancies are the fourth (20.64%) most common female malignancies. Among gynecological cancers; ovarian cancer (47.1%) is the commonest, followed by cervical cancer (24.8%), uterine cancer (11.6%), gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (12.9%), vaginal cancer (2%) and vulval cancer (1.6%). Conclusion: Gynecological malignancies constitute a major portion of female malignancies. The need of the hour is to design effective preventive and control strategies, so as to lower the burden of female gynecological malignancies in future.

Author Biographies

Shagufta Tabassum, Nishtar Medical University, Multan.

FCPS (Obs & Gynae)

Assistant Professor Gynecology

Ahmed Ijaz Masood, Nishtar Medical University, Multan.

FCPS (Oncology)

Head Oncology

Mehnaz Khakwani, Nishtar Medical University, Multan.

FCPS (Obs & Gynae)

Head Gynae Unit

Published
2021-01-10