COVID-19 and public awareness.

  • Naveed Ahmed Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Azka Rizvi Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Ayesha Naeem Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Waqas Saleem Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Altaf Ahmed Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Sameena Parveen Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
  • Muhammad Ilyas Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).
Keywords: Awareness, COVID-19, KAP Study, Knowledge, Pandemic

Abstract

Objectives: To determine and assess the level of awareness and knowledge regarding COVID-19 the among residents of Lahore. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional study. Setting: Different Institutions in Lahore. Period: March 2020. Material & Methods: The present study was organized by the Department of Microbiology, Pakistan kidney and liver institute & research center. Respondents filled a pre-tested structured questionnaire consisting of 21 multiple-choice questions. The variables were accessed their knowledge of disease regarding etiology, mode of transmission, prevention and control measures of COVID-19 infection. A total of 1875 questionnaires were collected. Results: The data showed that 49.6% of respondents were male and rest 50.4% were females. From the total data 6.56% of respondents were doctors by profession. While 14.4% were nurses, 6.08% laboratory & other medical staff and 72.96% were students. 74.68% of respondents give correct answers on their knowledge about COVID-19, while 13.92% of respondents were wrong. 65.6% were aware about cause of COVID-19. However, 34.4% of participants were not aware of its cause. 60.0% of our respondents were not aware about symptoms and treatment. 89.04% of participants have no knowledge about transmission. 26.96% of respondents even didn’t know how to prevent this pandemic disease. Conclusion: Awareness campaigns should be conducted to make people aware of the ways COVID-19 spreads, its mode of transmission, severity of infection and preventive measures to minimize its spread as well as chances to acquire COVID-19 infections. It is important to understand the need to educate people, especially from lower socio-economic statuses as they might not know about these infections and how its spreads.

Author Biographies

Naveed Ahmed, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

BSc Honors, MS

Laboratory Technologist Microbiology

Azka Rizvi, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

BSc Honors, M.Phil

Junior Laboratory Technologist Microbiology

Ayesha Naeem, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

BSc Honors, M.Phil

Junior Laboratory Technologist Microbiology

Waqas Saleem, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

BSc Honors, MS

Assistant Manager Microbiology

Altaf Ahmed, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

MBBS, D-Bacteriology, DTM&H, MD Clinical Micro

Head Microbiology

 

Sameena Parveen, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

RN, RM, BScN, ICP Australian Commission

Manager Infection Control

Muhammad Ilyas, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Center, Lahore, Pakistan (PKLI & RC).

BSc Honors, M.Phil

Junior Laboratory Technologist Microbiology,

Published
2020-08-10