Outcome of the acellular dermal matrix and split thickness skin graft in release of post burn contractures in hand.
Objective: To determine the frequency of success of acellular dermal matrix and split thickness skin graft in release of post burn contractures in hand using Vancouver scar scale. Study Design: Descriptive Case Series. Setting: Department of Plastic Surgery, Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore. Period: 1st March, 2019 to 30th October, 2019. Material & Method: A descriptive case series conducted at Plastic Surgery Department, Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore. A sample size of 75 patients, who full filled the inclusion criteria, was selected through non probability consecutive sampling Informed consent was obtained from all the patients. Pre-operative photography was done to compare the post-operative results. After the release of contractures, coverage with acellular dermis and split thickness skin graft was performed. All the patients were followed up to 2 months and the outcome was assessed by Vancouver Scar Scale. The collected data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Quantitative variables like age, size of scar were presented as mean, ± standard deviation. Qualitative variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Results: Mean age of patient was 30 ± 9 years. Among them 40 were males and 35 females. Vancouver scale showed successful outcome (score ≤4) in 70.66 % of the patients. Partial release of contracture was the major complication seen in 5.33% of cases. Conclusion: Acelluar dermal matrix followed by split thickness skin graft is a very reliable option for coverage after release of post-burn contractures in hand as it provides very pliable, thin and lax skin with good color match and better contour to surrounding tissue.