Frequency of pre-diabetes, diabetes mellitus in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes among patients with NAFLD having BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2and compare it with the control group with non-fatty liver with same BMI. Study Design: Prospective, Analytical and Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Medicine, Civil Hospital Karachi. Period: January 2015 to October 2016. Material & Methods: The study was conducted among two groups of patients, one with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), having BMI of ≥25kg/m2and they were compared with a control group having BMI≥25kg/m2 but without fatty liver on ultrasound. Result: Out of 201 NAFLD participants, 82.08% had pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus, while 82.51% of participants from non-NAFLD (n=101) had pre-diabetes or diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance was more common among non-NAFLD group than NAFLD group. Most of the metabolic parameter analysed in the study among two groups having slight difference, and they were statistically significant. Conclusion: Pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus is a frequently reported problem among NAFLD and overweight/obese patients. Insulin resistance was found to be a significant predictor of diabetes mellitus.