Acquired cystic renal disease in hemodialysis patients.
Objectives: Acquired cystic renal disease is known complication of End stage renal disease and hemodialysis and is also a precursor to renal cell carcinoma in patients who are on long term maintenance hemodialysis. Study Design: Cross Sectional study. Setting: Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur-Pakistan. Period: Jan 2019 to June 2019. Material & Methods: Patients on maintenance hemodialysis were evaluated using ultrasound for acquired cystic renal disease. Results: The study included 220 patients who were on maintenance hemodialysis. The male to female ratio was 2.01:1. Most common causes of renal failure were Diabetes Mellitus and Renal stone Disease (22.3%) each. Acquired cystic renal disease was found in 45 (20.5%). The difference of frequency of acquired cystic renal disease was statistically significant in age groups & anemia. Conclusions: Acquired cystic renal disease is common complication of End stage renal disease and maintenance hemodialysis. Regular monitoring with ultrasound needs to be done for those patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis for more than 3 years.