Oral health profile maintenance among patients attending Isra Dental College
Objectives: To determine the oral health profile maintenance among patients attending Isra dental college Hyderabad. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Oral pathology department of Isra University Hospital Hyderabad. Period: May 2017 February 2018. Material & Methods: All the patients either of gender presented at dental OPD with any oral health problem were included in the study. Clinical examination was done among all patients. All the patients interviewed regarding duration of disease and maintenance of oral health including type of tooth paste, frequency of tooth paste and timing of tooth paste. All the data was entered in the profroma and analysed by SPSS version 20. Results: Total 539 patients were studied; their mean age was 28.34+33.12 years. Females were found in majority 83.9%. Sensitivity was among 36.2% patients, need of filling was among 42.9% patients, need of scaling was among 31.7%. According to periodontal status, gums bleeding were in 13.2% patients, plaque formation was in 33.6% patients and calculus was in 10.0% patients. fluorosis was seen among 7.6% patients, malocclusion was in 13.7% patients, needs of Orthodontic treatment was in 14.7% patients and needs prosthodontics treatment was seen in 3.3% patients. According to oral health maintenance techniques Colgate, miswak and multiple tooth pastes uses were most common. Oral health status was insignificantly associated with frequency of oral health techniques, only needs of scaling was significantly higher among occasionally users of oral health techniques p-value 0.021. Conclusion: It was concluded that occasionally oral health maintenance patients were at high risk of sensitively, need of scaling and need of filling. High female ratio involved in poor oral health status.