Hyperglycemia: A bad prognostic factor for neonate.
Objectives: The study was aimed to find out morbidity and mortality associated with hyperglycemia among neonates at our setting. Study Design: Observational Case-Control study. Setting: Department of Neonatology, Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur. Period: From 1st July 2019 to 31st December 2019. Material & Methods: The study included 194 neonates (97 each for cases and controls). Data like age (days), gender and weight were noted for all while presence of morbidities like IVH, NEC or infections were also recorded. Outcome among study participants of both groups was noted in terms of length of hospital stay and discharged/expired. Results: Out of a total of 194 study participants, majority, 114 (58.8%) were male, 101 (52.1%) had age between 1 to 7 days, and 84 (43.3%) had birth weight below 1.5 kilograms. Significantly more neonates had morbidity. Significantly more cases, 57 (58.8%) expired in comparison to 38 (39.2%) controls (p value 0.006). Length of hospital stay was also significantly more prolonged among cases. Conclusion: Neonates having hyperglycemia not only are at significantly increased risk of having morbidities and mortality.