A study of components of behavioral addiction to social media use in current generation of Pakistani youth.

  • Nauman Mazhar Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital Lahore.
  • Touseef Bilal Khan Primary and Secondary Healthcare Department, Punjab
  • Khansa Zafar Primary and Secondary Healthcare Department, Punjab.
  • Shahid H. Warris M. Islam Medical and Dental College, Gujranwala.
  • Sadia Nikhet Services Institute of Medical Sciences/ Services Hospital Lahore.
  • Amina Tahir Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital Lahore.
Keywords: Behavioural Addiction, Internet, Social Media, Youth

Abstract

Information Technology has brought significant changes to the human social interaction & behaviors. Behavioral addiction to social media use is a rather novel concept in psychiatric “classification of diseases”. Some foreign studies have reported it to be as high as 29.5%.7,8 There is need to study this relatively neglected area specially among our youth. This will help provide reliable data to understand the magnitude of current problem. Objectives: To study the Components of Behavioral addiction to Social Media use: Conflict, Mood Modification, Relapse, Salience, Tolerance and Withdrawal, among the youth in Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Psychiatry Services Institute and Medical Sciences, Lahore. Period: March 2019 to May 2019. Material & Methods: Among University students was conducted Purposive sampling technique was employed. Questionnaire forms were given to students of a University. Each questionnaire had 12 questions. There were specific questions for each component of addiction: Conflict, Mood Modification, Relapse, Salience, Tolerance and Withdrawal. Each respondent’s bio-data, preferred social networking medium and frequency of social media use were recorded. They were also asked about their perception about excessive social media use. The responses were based on Likert scale. The respondents were asked to give the single best response to each question. A total of 210 responses were obtained. They were assessed using the software, IBM SPSS version 25. Results: The sample population reported positive for all the components of addiction tested. The majority (greater than 50%) of responses for each component were in “Always” to “Sometimes” range of Likert scale. Conclusion: The current generation of Pakistani youth might be suffering from Behavioral Addiction to Social Media use.

Author Biographies

Nauman Mazhar, Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS (Psychiatry)

Assistant Professor

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences

Touseef Bilal Khan, Primary and Secondary Healthcare Department, Punjab

MBBS

Medical Officer

Khansa Zafar, Primary and Secondary Healthcare Department, Punjab.

MBBS

Medical Officer

Women Medical Officer Basic Health Unit Ramdial District Jehlum

Shahid H. Warris, M. Islam Medical and Dental College, Gujranwala.

MBBS, FCPS (Psychiatry)

Associate Professor of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.

Sadia Nikhet, Services Institute of Medical Sciences/ Services Hospital Lahore.

MBBS, FCPS (Psychiatry)

Senior Registrar Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.

Amina Tahir, Services Institute of Medical Sciences/Services Hospital Lahore.

MBBS

Resident/PG Trainee Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.

Published
2020-08-10