Prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus in Rahim Yar Khan; A Hospital Based Study.
Objectives: This study was performed to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus in general population of Rahim Yar Khan. Study Design: Cross Sectional and Observational study. Setting: Combined Military Hospital Rahim Yar Khan. Period: 1st Jan 2018 to 30th June 2019. Material & Methods: Patients of both genders and all ages were included in the study. HBV and HCV were analysed using Kit method and positive cases confirmed by ELISA. Results: A total number of 4635 people were screened for Hepatitis B, and C. Among 2325 individuals screened for HCV, 365 (15.6%) were positive for Anti HCV. Among 2310 individuals screened for HBV, 82 (3.5%) were found positive. Positive cases were later confirmed by ELISA. Conclusion: High prevalence of HBV and HCV in this area warrants serious efforts to prevent the spread of these viruses. Screening facilities should be provided at community level to assess the real burden and for early diagnosis and prevention of complications.