Association of BMI (Body Mass Index) to hemoglobin and red blood cell indices among adolescents.

  • Saleem Ullah Abro Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • Quratulain Saleem Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.
  • Amna Begum Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.
  • Sarah Azhar Baqai Medical University, Karachi.
  • Amber Naseer Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.
  • Aijaz Ahmed Qureshi Jinnah Sindh Medical University Karachi.
Keywords: Anemia, Body Mass Index (BMI), Red Blood Cell Indices

Abstract

Objectives: Hemoglobin & red blood cell indices (mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, red cell distribution width) among adolescent. Study Design: Cross-Sectional study (Descriptive). Setting: Department of Physiology, Baqai Medical University (BMU) Karachi. Period: 6 months from February to August 2017. Material & Methods: A total of 500 students of MBBS, BDS, DPT with having age ranges from 18-25 years were enrolled in this study. The anthropometric measurement [height (m2) and weight (kg)] was recorded for calculation of the Body Mass Index and Complete blood count i-e Hemoglobin (Hb%), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), Red cell distribution width (RDW) was done and calculated.  Data analysis was done on Microsoft excel & SPSS version 22.0 was used. Results: It was seen that the comparison of Hb%, MCV & RDW had no significant (p>0.001) association of study participants to different categories of Body Mass Index.  Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (X²=28.278, p<0.001) and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) (X²=15.659, p=0.016) were statistically significantly association with different categories of Body Mass Index. Conclusion: Mean corpuscular hemoglobin and Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration had statistically significant (p<0.001) association with body mass index (BMI).

Author Biographies

Saleem Ullah Abro, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.

MBBS, DCN, MCPS, M.Phil (Physiology)

Assistant Professor Physiology

Quratulain Saleem, Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.

MBBS, MCPS (Community Medicine)

Assistant Professor Community Medicine

Amna Begum, Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.

MBBS, MCPS, FCPS

Assistant Professor Gyn/Obs

Sarah Azhar, Baqai Medical University, Karachi.

MBBS, M.Phil (Histopathology)

Senior Lecturer Pathology

Amber Naseer, Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi.

MBBS, DCH, MCPS

Lecturer Pathology

Aijaz Ahmed Qureshi, Jinnah Sindh Medical University Karachi.

MBBS, M.Phil (Physiology)

Chairman and Head Physiology

Published
2020-10-10