Prevalence of pyogenic meningitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Sindh.
Objectives: The current study aimed to find out the prevalence of pyogenic meningitis in the local population of Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences Hospital Nawabshah. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional study. Setting: Pediatric Ward of People University of Medical and Health Sciences Hospital, Nawabshah. Period: 1 year from November 2018 to October 2019. Material & Methods: Using self-designed questionnaire. Patient’s samples were send for relevant investigations i.e. Blood culture and CSF examination and their results were recorded in proforma. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21 was used for data analysis. Results: Mean age of the children was 7 Years with a standard deviation of 2.4 years. 57% of the sample consist of boys while 43% were girls. Diagnosis of pyogenic meningitis was confirmed in 52.08% of the cases and fever was present in 100% cases and was the most common clinical presentation followed by headache (67%), Vomiting (44%) and fits (28%). Mean protein level was 235 mg/dl in the diagnosed cases. Mean sugar level in CSF of diseased children was 35 mg/dl with significant p-value of 0.0005. Conclusion: Pyogenic meningitis is highly prevalent that is 52.08% in current study. Its morbidity and mortality can be reduced by early recognition and prompt treatment.