Effect of oral hygiene education on gingival health status among the pregnant women in Jamshoro.

  • Priya - Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
  • Munir Ahmed Banglani Faculty of Dentistry LUMHS, Jamshoro
  • Shazia Parveen Rajpar Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.
  • Suneel Kumar Punjabi Faculty of Dentistry LUMHS, Jamshoro.
  • Muhammad Ishaque Dr Ishrat-Ul-Ebad Khan, Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
Keywords: Gingival Health, Gingival Index, Oral Hygiene, Pregnancy Gingivitis, Pregnant Women

Abstract

Objectives: The rational of this study was to prevent pregnancy gingivitis through awareness and improvement of oral hygiene practices during pregnancy. This will consequently reduce the prevalence and severity of gum diseases. Study Design: Observational study. Setting: Outpatients Department of Gynecology, Unit 4, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. Period: January 2017 to February 2018. Material & Methods: The oral examination was done at First visit (First Trimester) and Gingival index was recorded. All these participants were provided awareness regarding best oral hygiene. After 3 months participants were re-examined and gingival index was re-recorded. Gingival status was recorded through Gingival Index (GI) using disposable gloves (Supermax disposable gloves Made in Malaysia) and sterilized dental examination instruments with blunt ended (noninvasive) probe on the same visit. Results: The overall mean age of study subjects was 27.80±4.03 years, among 340 study subjects, 129(37.9) females were in first trimester of their pregnancy and 211(62.1%) were in second trimester at first visit. Descriptive statics of gingival index assessment score of gingival index at first visit was 1.95±0.51. Conclusion: Oral hygiene education and practices has improved the pregnancy related gum problems and has lessened the severity of gingivitis.

Author Biographies

Priya -, Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

BDS, MSc (Community Dentistry), FCPS (Trainee) Orthodontics

PGR

Dr Ishrat-Ul-Ebad Khan,

Munir Ahmed Banglani, Faculty of Dentistry LUMHS, Jamshoro

BDS, MSc

Associate Professor

Chairman Oral Biology Department

Shazia Parveen Rajpar, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.

BDS, MSc

Assistant Professor Community Dentistry

 

Suneel Kumar Punjabi, Faculty of Dentistry LUMHS, Jamshoro.

BDS, FCPS

Associate Professor Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Muhammad Ishaque, Dr Ishrat-Ul-Ebad Khan, Institute of Oral Health Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.

BDS, MSc

Senior Registrar Orthodontics

Published
2020-08-10