Human amniotic membrane: A biological cost effective dressing in chronic wounds.
Objectives: The use of human amniotic membrane is essential new concept in wound healing which functions as a biodegradable scaffold on wound surface, as it is a rich hub of stem cells which play an important role in wound healing. Study Design: Randomized Control Trial. Setting: Department of Surgery THQ Hospital Gojra. Period: 1st January 2019 to 30 September 2019. Material & Methods: Experimental study using clinical trial. A case series of 50 patient cases were picked from surgical OPD. Who fall in criteria of chronic non-healing wound with at least three months duration comprising of diabetic, venous ulcers and traumatic non healing wound and neuropathic ulcers. All located on lower limbs. Results: All 50 patient were treated with standard protocol by applying freshly prepared amniotic membrane out of which 4 chronic wounds more than 4 year duration were not healed and 2 cases escaped from the study. HAM dressing was changed after every 7 days and its effect were studied by seeing measuring the reduction in wound size and improvement in pain, swelling and mental stress. Success rate was found about 90% with complete healing. Conclusion: There is a dire need in developing countries to promote the use of HAM, in chronic non healing wounds which is a biological membrane, readily available (free if fresh) with simple sterilization techniques, easy storage and easy application with ultimate goal in achieving speedy cost effective wound healing.