Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic peripheral neuropathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and associated risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Study Design: Cross Sectional Study. Setting: Outpatient Department Combined Military Hospital, Abbottabad. Period: From Jan 2017 to May 2017. Material & Methods: A total of 270 patients with T2DM and age greater than 30 were included in the study. Peripheral diabetic neuropathy was assessed by using Neuropathy Symptoms Score (NSS) and Neuropathy Disability Score (NDS). Data was collected by using a self structured questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS software version 20. Results: Majority (60%) of patients were male; male to female ratio being 1:1.5. Mean age was 62.26±11.38 years and the most frequent age group was 60-69 years (30.37% of patients). Overall prevalence of DPN was 36.7 % (n=99). Gender, age, educational status, duration of diabetes, HbA1c level, hypertension and mode of treatment were found to be significantly associated with DPN. Conclusion: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is common entity seen in 36.7% patients with type 2 diabetes and is associated with several demographic and clinical factors.