The bacterial spectrum of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis of liver.
Objectives: To identify the bacterial spectrum of SBP in patients with cirrhosis of liver. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional study. Setting: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Madina Teaching Hospital, Faisalabad. Period: 1st November, 2018 – 30th June, 2019. Material & Methods: Two hundred and fifty cirrhotic patients having ascites and clinical symptoms and signs of SBP, consecutively admitted in the ward or presented to OPD were included in the study. Results: A total of 250 patients included in this study. SBP was diagnosed according to the predetermined criteria in 140 patients. The culture-negative ascites was found in 77 (55%) and culture-positive ascites was found in 63 (45%) patients. The most common organism was E.Coli 28 (47.45%) followed by Enterococcus 10 (16.94%), Klebsiella Pneumoniae 6 (10.17%), Streptococcal Pneumoniae 5 (8.47%), S.aureus 5 (8.47%), Acinetobacter 3 (5.08%) and miscellaneous 2 (3.38%). Conclusion: The percentage of SBP is quite high among patients having cirrhosis and ascites and the Gram-negative bacterial spectrum is still much common in our region.