Comparative study of linear closure technique versur purse string closure technique of skin closure in stoma reversal.
Objectives: To compare the results of linear closure technique with purse string closure technique in terms of surgical site infection, wound healing (scar cosmesis) and wound length. Study Design: Comparative Study. Setting: Surgical Unit V, Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad. Period: January 2016 to January 2019. Material & Methods: A total of 100 patients were operated in our unit during the study period & were allocated into two groups randomly: Group A (Linear closure) Group B (Purse string closure) included 50 patients in each group. The primary outcome measures were, surgical site infection, wound healing (scar cosmesis) and wound length. Results: During follow up period Surgical site infection was noted in 17 patients out of 100 with 14 patients in Group A and 03 Patients in Group B (p value 0.002). Regarding wound healing 60% patients were having good scar and 20% patients were having satisfactory and 20% having poor scar in Group A. while in Group B 82% patients were having good scar and 18% patients were having satisfactory scar (p value 0.00). Mean wound length in Group A was 5.14 with SD 1.2978 while in Group B mean length was 3.8 with SD 1.3095. Conclusion: Our study concludes that purse string closure is superior to linear closure technique in terms of surgical site infection, wound healing (scar cosmesis) and wound length.