Comparison of calcium hydroxide and chlorhexidine gel as intracanal medicament in relieving interappointment pain: Effect of gender and age.
Objectives: This study was done to compare calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and chlorhexidine (CHX) in relieving interappointment pain, in addition to observe influence of gender and age. Study Design: Randomized Control trial. Setting: Department of Operative Dentistry, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore. Period: 3rd October 2016 to 20th May 2017. Material & Methods: 100 subjects were divided into 2 groups of 50, group A (Ca(OH)2) and group B (CHX). Information was recorded regarding the gender, age, intracanal medicament used, VAS pain scores of preoperative pain, 24 hours, 48 hours and on the 4th day of placing medicament. Change in pain scores was assessed as the main outcome variable. Results: VAS score mean difference for both medicaments was significant for 24 hours, 48 hours and 4th day (p < 0.0005. CHX medicament decreased pain more as compared to Ca(OH)2. Age had no significant effect on VAS score decrease but females had significant decrease in pain (p=0.04). Conclusion: CHX decreased the mean interappointment pain score more as compared to Ca(OH)2.