Possible protection against cisplatin induced behavioral changes by dietary antioxidants in adult albino mice.
Cisplatin (Cis) has been proved to be successful in treating cancers but it has several toxicities. Central nervous system toxicity is considered as one of its most common toxic effects. Vitamin E and Green tea are antioxidant with proven results on prevention of life threatening diseases. Objectives: To assess the preventive role of two antioxidants vitamin E and green tea against cisplatin induced neurobehavioral abnormalities in albino mice. Study Design: Experimental Study. Setting: Department of Anatomy, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences (LUMHS) Jamshoro, in collaboration with Sindh Agriculture University TandoJam. Material & Methods: A total of 60 mice were grouped in to Group A, (control), Group B (Cisplatin), Group C (Cisplatin plus vitamin E) and Group D (cisplatin plus green tea). The weight, gross features and behavior of the animals was monitored before and in between drug administration. Behavioral studies were performed in quiet atmosphere, and included Pain stimulation test, heat Stimulation test, cold Stimulation test, Hearing, Object Recognition test. Results: A significant decrease in weight and body hair of the Cis treated animals was noticed as compared to control animals. Paw edema, mental orientation, object recognition, noise stimulation, heat and cold stimulation, time to move away from the stimulus were also significantly different to control. All features were improved with the addition of vitamin E and green tea. Conclusion: Toxic effects of cisplatin, on morphology and behavior of adult albino mice partially abrogated with antioxidant supplementation.