Electrolyte imbalance in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy: A single center study.
Objectives: To determine the mean serum electrolyte level in neonates with perinatal birth asphyxia with moderate hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional study. Setting: Pediatric Ward, Emergency and OPD, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad. Period: December 2017 to May 2018. Material & Methods: In our study, out of 190 cases were included, Results: mean g. age was calculated as 39.44+1.51 weeks, 49.47% (n=94) were male and 50.53% (n=96) were females. Mean APGAR score at 1 minute was calculated as 4.59+0.49 whereas 5.41+0.67 at 5 minutes. Mean weight of the neonates was calculated as 2771.58+256.83 grams. Frequency of delivered through history of fetal distress was recorded in 43.68% (n=83), mean serum electrolytes shows that serum sodium 137.71+1.69 mg/dl, serum potassium 3.92+0.18 mg/dl and serum calcium 8.45+0.51 mg/dl. Conclusion: We concluded that mean serum electrolyte level in neonates with perinatal birth asphyxia with moderate hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy were in normal range, however, in absence of control group and data analysis in qualitative way, we are unable to record the frequency of hypocalcemia, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia, which may be done in coming trials.