Age as an effect modifier with respect to gender in orthodontics in deep bite prevalence.

  • Zubair Hassan Awaisi Nishtar Institute of Dentistry
  • Uzma Khan Women University Multan.
  • Tooba Nihal Women University Multan.
  • Iqra Ghaffar Nishtar Institute of Dentistry.
  • Naeem Murtaza Dental section, FMU, Faisalabad.
Keywords: Age, Deep Bite, Gender, Orthodontics, Prevalence


Objectives: To determine prevalence of deep bite and gender association with respect to age. Study Design: Cross-Sectional study. Setting: Department of Orthodontics Nishtar Institute of Dentistry, Multan. Period: 6 months i.e. from 15 December 2018 to 14 June 2019. Material & Methods: A study with 200 (126 females, 74 males) patients were taken as a sample after being examined in Chi square test was applied to determine association. Results: Deep bite was observed in 43% of patients in total sample of 200. Out of which 61.1% is found in females and 38.4% in males. It is also observed that age is an effect modifier with respect to gender. Conclusions: There as an insignificant difference in distribution of deep bite males and females. It is observed that with increasing ages deep bite decreases considerably.

Author Biographies

Zubair Hassan Awaisi, Nishtar Institute of Dentistry


Associate Professor Orthodontics

Uzma Khan, Women University Multan.


Associate Professor Statistics

Tooba Nihal, Women University Multan.


Visiting Lecturer Statistics

Iqra Ghaffar, Nishtar Institute of Dentistry.


Postgraduate Resident Orthodontics

Naeem Murtaza, Dental section, FMU, Faisalabad.


Senior Demonstrator Orthodontics