Venous thromboembolism an observational study to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism in surgical patients.

  • Sajida Iftikhar District Head Quarter Hospital, Faisalabad.
  • Ayesha Farooq East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, Burnley General Hospital, Casterton Avenue, Burnley, United Kingdom, BB10 2PQ
  • Muhammad Farooq Latif King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, 31444, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • SARWAT Ara Allied Hospital, Faisalabad.
  • Muhammad Salim Samanabad Science College, Faisalabad.
  • Asif Maqbool Allied hospital, Faisalabad.
  • Aatar Iftikhar Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad.
Keywords: Venous Thromboembolism, VTE

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in surgical patients. Study Design: An Observational Study. Setting: 4 Tertiary Hospitals in Faisalabad city. Period: 6 months from July 2015 to December 2015. Material & Methods: Clinical data sheets of surgical in patients of 4 teaching hospitals in Faisalabad city were retrospectively reviewed. Caprini assessment model (CAM) was used for VTE risk assessment and the patients were classified into very high risk (VHR), high risk (HR), moderate risk (MR) and low risk (LR) groups. The data was collected on an Excel spread sheet and statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 17. Chi square test was carried out to assess the association of VTE risk with age, gender, BMI and surgical units. Results: We identified a total of 256 patients from July 2015 to December 2015. The median age was 42 years. 118 (46%) patients were male and 138 (54%) were female. 106 (41.4%) patients were VHR and 124 (48.4%) patients were HR for VTE according to CAM. Nineteen (7.4%) patients were MR and only 7 (2.7%) patients were LR.  Higher age and male gender were found to be significantly associated with the high risk for VTE (p<0.001). Conclusion: Our study shows that the postoperative surgical patients are at higher risk of developing VTE. There is statistically significant association between increasing age and male gender with risk of VTE in this group of patients.

Author Biographies

Sajida Iftikhar, District Head Quarter Hospital, Faisalabad.

MBBS, MCPS, M.SC (Critical Care)

Consultant

Department of Anesthetist

 

Ayesha Farooq, East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, Burnley General Hospital, Casterton Avenue, Burnley, United Kingdom, BB10 2PQ

MBBS, DRCOG, MRCP (1)

Postgraduate Trainee in General Practice

 

Muhammad Farooq Latif, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, 31444, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

FRCP (Edin), FRCP (Glasg),

FRCR (Clinical Oncology)

Consultant Medical Oncologist

Department of Oncologist

 

SARWAT Ara, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad.

FCPS (Gyne & Obs)

Associate Professor

Department of Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Unit 3, 

Muhammad Salim, Samanabad Science College, Faisalabad.

PhD. Statistics

Professor and Head

Department of Statistics

 

Asif Maqbool, Allied hospital, Faisalabad.

Postgraduate Trainee

Department of Orthopedics

 

Aatar Iftikhar, Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad.

Postgraduate Trainee in Internal Medicine,

 

Published
2019-09-10