Metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in preeclamptic woman: A comparative study from Tertiary Care Hospital Pakistan.
Objectives: To determine the frequency of metabolic syndrome in pregnant patients with preeclampsia as compared to normal pregnancies. Setting: Gynae and Obstetrics Department Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro. Period: Six months, from 29 march 2015 to 29 September 2015. Study Design: Comparative cross sectional Study. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty antenatal and laboring women were included in this study in which sixty were preeclamptic women (case) and 60 normal women taken as control Groups. A Predesigned questionnaire was used to record anthropometric measurements, relevant history and clinical examination. Blood specimen was taken for analysis. Results: Rate of metabolic syndrome was four times (approximate of 3.4) more likely in preeclamptic groups as compare to normal women (control) [OR=3.5; 95%CI: 1.56 to 7.87]. Conclusion: In this study prevalence of metabolic syndrome was high in preeclamptic pregnant women as compare to normal. These cases have high risk for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in later life. Interventions could be done to prevent these complications.